Original scientific paper
Different Socio-Historical Types of Ethnicity
; Institute for Migration and Ethnic Studies, Zagreb, Croatia
APA 6th Edition
Heršak, E. (1991). Different Socio-Historical Types of Ethnicity. Migracijske i etničke teme, 7 (3-4), 335-363. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/127355
MLA 8th Edition
Heršak, Emil. "Different Socio-Historical Types of Ethnicity." Migracijske i etničke teme, vol. 7, no. 3-4, 1991, pp. 335-363. https://hrcak.srce.hr/127355. Accessed 28 Sep. 2023.
Chicago 17th Edition
Heršak, Emil. "Different Socio-Historical Types of Ethnicity." Migracijske i etničke teme 7, no. 3-4 (1991): 335-363. https://hrcak.srce.hr/127355
Heršak, E. (1991). 'Different Socio-Historical Types of Ethnicity', Migracijske i etničke teme, 7(3-4), pp. 335-363. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/127355 (Accessed 28 September 2023)
Heršak E. Different Socio-Historical Types of Ethnicity. Migracijske i etničke teme [Internet]. 1991 [cited 2023 September 28];7(3-4):335-363. Available from: https://hrcak.srce.hr/127355
E. Heršak, "Different Socio-Historical Types of Ethnicity", Migracijske i etničke teme, vol.7, no. 3-4, pp. 335-363, 1991. [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/127355. [Accessed: 28 September 2023]
The paper begins with the concept that ethnicity, despite common traits, expresses itself in differing types which potentiate (emphasize) certain dominant traits. The authors postulate at least three general types of ethnicity: first, tentatively, the “Jewish” type, second the “French” type, third the “Hunic-Turkic” type. In the “Jewish” type ethnicity receives its basic impulse and significance through religion, which overrides (compensates) the territorial-political spheres. In the “French” type the territorial-political dimension is crucial. The “Hunic-Turkic” type is transitional, and characterised by a high degree of ethnic fluidity. After describing these three ethnic types, the author attempts to apply them to certain ethnicities in Europe and the world. An analysis of some other possible ethnic types (“ethnicities per se” and minority ethnicities) follows. In the second part of the paper, using material from the social and political history of the South Slavs, the author com¬pares the Croat ethnicity with the “French” type, and the Serb ethnicity with the “Jewish” version (with sub-ethnic elements of the “Hunic-Turkic” type). Croats first developed in an early medieval state, whose legacy was maintained – despite certain discontinuities – till the present. A similar de¬velopment began among the Serbs, yet after full loss of statehood, their ethnicity was preserved primarily through a “national” church. Yet this distinction in the Croatian and Serbian cases was not always consistent. During the Ottoman occupation, in certain parts of the Croatian ethnie, a religious type of ethnicity developed (i.e. “Catholicism on the border”), while among the Serbs, pa¬rallel with the expulsion of the Othomans, a revival of the state-territorial type of ethnicity occurred.
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