Skip to the main content

Original scientific paper

https://doi.org/10.18047/poljo.21.1.5

GROWTH ANALYSIS OF SUGAR BEET IN DIFFERENT SOWING DENSITY DURING VEGETATION

Ivana Varga orcid id orcid.org/0000-0003-2985-8599 ; J.J. Strossmayer University of Osijek, Faculty of Agriculture in Osijek, Croatia
Andrija Kristek ; J.J. Strossmayer University of Osijek, Faculty of Agriculture in Osijek, Croatia
Manda Antunović ; J.J. Strossmayer University of Osijek, Faculty of Agriculture in Osijek, Croatia


Full text: english pdf 380 Kb

page 28-34

downloads: 504

cite


Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyse sugar beet growth in field conditions during 2014 growing season. Sugar beet (hybrid Serenade, KWS) was sown on March 18th at inter–row spacing of 50 cm and four different intra–row spacings: 13 cm, 15 cm,17 cm and 19 cm. During the growing season sugar beet plants samples were taken in eight terms from June to September. In each sampling term sugar beet leaf and root fresh weight (g/plant) were determined. Also, diameter, number and distance between cambium rings and the number of cambium rings of 1 cm diameter were determined at the cross section of the widest hypocotyl part. Sowing density had a significant effect (P≤0.05) on all observed parameters. Average fresh leaf weight for all densities of 717.84 g/plant was the highest in late July and early August. Generally, during the growing season the plants sown at wider intra–row spacings (17 and 19 cm) had on average higher root weight compared to average root weight in narrower intra–row spacings (13 and 15 cm). Average root diameter of all sowing densities increases from 4.13 cm in the first decade of June to 12.51 cm in the second decade of September wherein the diameter varied from 11.55 cm (intra–row spacing 13 cm) to 14.79 cm (intra–row spacing 19 cm). Intensive formation of cambium rings for all densities was found out in June, where at the beginning of the June, the average number of cambium rings was 4.9, while and at the end of it was 7.3. In September, sugar beet root had on average of 8.4 cambium rings. On July 30th the largest number of cambium rings at 1 cm root diameter was on the average 1.52.

Keywords

sugar beet, sowing density, weight, cambium rings, diameter

Hrčak ID:

139928

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/139928

Article data in other languages: croatian

Visits: 1.019 *