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Original scientific paper

On the Relation Between the Se Element and Pronoun Sebe (Self)

Ivana Oraić Rabušić orcid id ; Institut za hrvatski jezik i jezikoslovlje

Full text: croatian pdf 444 Kb

page 97-126

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The paper discusses the relation between a se element and pronoun sebe (self) and, in that correlation, a different approach to reflexive verbs. The approach to defining the se element in certain Croatian grammars published since the beginning of 20th century until today and other relevant scientific bibliography is presented at the beginning of the paper. In most of the aforementioned bibliography the se element is classified as a pronoun, while being considered a particle in a smaller amount of scientific papers. Based on the postulates of some authors (Sells, Zaenen, Zec (1987), Moskovljević (1997), Medová (2009), Oliva (2010)), a proof of the non-identity of the se element and pronoun sebe (self) is attempted. Analysis is based on the approach of K. Oliva, according to which the se element is a particle and it cannot be treated as a pronoun, which is as an argument realized on the object position of transitive verbs. This implies a different approach to reflexive verbs. Reflexive verbs are considered a particular group of verbs with the existence of the se element along with the verb as lexical unit. This element is a part of the morphological and lexico-semantic structure of the verb, i.e. a part of the verb itself. Reflexive verbs originate from their transitive (or intransitive) verb pair. In distinction from that, the se element cannot be a part of the aformentioned transitive verbs, but can have pronoun sebe (self) as an object. Syntactic analysis of a few reflexive verbs and their transitive verb pairs was attempted in order to present a new approach to reflexive verbs.


<i>se</i> element, pronoun <i>sebe</i> (<i>self</i>), reflexive verbs, Croatian

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