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Original scientific paper

Ideological Transformation of Science

Duško Sekulić

Full text: croatian pdf 191 Kb

page 159-186

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In the first part of the paper the historical development of the phenomenon of ideology and different theoretical approaches to understanding of the ideology are discussed. In pre-modern societies the main characteristic of ideological is its incorporation into religious thought. The epoch of modernity is characterized by differentiation of religion from science. The modern secular ideologies do not base their legitimacy principle on religion but on science. The function of religion is taken over by science. Following Boudon modern secular ideologies are understood as systems of thinking on the one hand based on science but in the same time overextending the scope of validity of scientific statements. The middle part of the paper illustrates this understanding of ideology on the example of the interpretation of the origin of Croats. The research and results of the distribution of genetic markers and on that basis derived reconstruction of historical migrations was used to explain the Iranian origin of Croats. Using the fact that the original research is not known to majority of the public and that the average consumer does not have critical instruments to evaluate the scope of the original research, a typical ideological legitimization is created it is based on the extension of the scope of the original research into which it has no validity. In the final part of the paper the argument is developed that the ideological extension of the validity of scientific statements has an intended consequence of limiting the freedom of choice. The “scientific determinism” is intended to replace the sphere of human choices.



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