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Preliminary communication

Demographic Resources as an Indicator and Factor of the Regional Development Disparity in Croatia

Dane Pejnović orcid id ; Faculty of Science, Zagreb
Željka Kordej-De Villa orcid id ; Institute of Economics, Zagreb

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According to recent research, modern development in
Croatia is burdened by distinct regional disparities. As
differences in socioeconomic development are the key
generator of spatial mobility of the population, this is
reflected in the atrophy of demographic resources of less
developed areas, and consequently in the destabilization of
their population. Due to the connections between economic
and demographic development, the paper examines
demographic resources as an indicator and factor in the
disparities occurring in the regional development of the
country. Demographic resources in 2001 and 2011 on three
hierarchical levels of regional development and four spatial
categories are explored, as well as the composite index of
development of counties in 2013. The research process
includes the calculation of synthetic indicators of
demographic potential – the index of demographic resources
(ider) and its evaluation within the typological scale of six
threshold values. The research results show that: first,
Croatia has a highly uneven spatial distribution of
demographic resources; second, more than half the number
of the counties belong to the first development category, and
only three counties to the fourth development category; third,
regions in the fourth development category are characterized
by favorable demographic resources, while areas in the first
category are characterized by weak demographic resources;
and fourth, structural and dynamic characteristics of the
index of demographic resources clearly indicate specific
development problems in certain parts of the country.


regional development, index of demographic resources, composite development index, Croatia

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