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Original scientific paper

Comparison of Croatian foreign policy towards Latin America and the Middle East (2001-2012)

Borna Zgurić orcid id ; Faculty of Political Science of the University of Zagreb
Lidija Kos-Stanišić orcid id ; Faculty of Political Science of the University of Zagreb
Stjepan Domjančić orcid id ; Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Croatia

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This paper compares the foreign policies of the Republic of Croatia towards the regions of Latin America and the Middle East, aiming to identify the similarities and the differences. During the 1990s Croatia was primarily interested in diplomatic recognition and the establishment of diplomatic relations. In the period of 2001-2012 Latin America and the Middle East were not able to contribute to the achievement of main foreign policy goals – membership in NATO and the EU – so they stayed out of the interests of foreign policy creators. We argue that Croatia has not established a defined foreign policy towards the mentioned regions, and that political significance of a particular Latin American and Middle Eastern country was determined by its economic importance (Croatian export) and in the case of Latin America by the size of the diaspora. The first section briefly outlines the first decade of Croatian foreign policy (1991-2001) and the second section focuses on the empirical assessment of the determinants of Croatian foreign policy toward the countries of Latin America and the Middle East during the period ranging between 2001 and 2012. Bilateral relations between Croatia and Latin American countries are good but not developed. The reason for this is the geographical distance of Latin America and perception of low significance of majority of the countries, and that will not change. On the other hand, there is no correlation between economic and diplomatic importance of Middle Eastern countries for Croatia. Therefore, Croatia’s foreign policy towards these countries was not guided by economic incentives.


EU; NATO; Croatia; Latin America; Middle East; foreign policy

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Article data in other languages: croatian

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