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Original scientific paper

On the relationship between the infinitive and the present tense of verbs in the local dialect of Kostrena

Silvana Vranić orcid id ; Filozofski fakultet Sveučilišta u Rijeci Odsjek za kroatistiku

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The dialect of Kostrena, which includes two dialectological points: Kostrena
sv. Lucija and Kostrena sv. Barbara, has, in the dialectological literature,
been classified as part of the littoral sub-dialect of the Ekavian Čakavian
dialect. The basic phonological and morphological characteristics of this subdialect,
and therefore of the local dialect of Kostrena, have been described in
Iva Lukežić’s book Trsatsko-bakarska i crikvenička čakavština [The Čakavian
vernaculars of Trsat, Bakar, and Crikvenica]. In her book Čakavski ekavski
dijalekt: sustav i podsustavi [Čakavian Ekavian dialects: System and subsystems],
Silvana Vranić confirmed that the dialect of Kostrena is a part of
the Ekavian Čakavian dialect and its littoral sub-dialect, and in her doctoral
dissertation, Akcenatski tipovi glagola u sjeverozapadnim čakavskim govorima
(Accentual types of verbs in northwestern Čakavian local vernaculars) and in
an article on the accentual properties of the dialect of Kostrena, Sanja Zubčić
has confirmed that this dialect is a Northwestern Čakavian dialect due to the
West Čakavian metatony, which is present in certain adjectives and the present
tense of the e-type verbs. This paper focuses on the relationship between
the infinitive and the present tense of verbs attested in the dialect of Kostrena
during a field research conducted while preparing this paper. We present
the base and the endings for the infinitive and the present tense of verbs
according to the conjugation types and of verbs that have special conjugation
paradigms, as well as the morphophonological alternations and accentuation
rules for both of these two verb forms.


Northwestern Čakavian dialects, local dialect of Kostrena, verb morphology, infinitive, present tense

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