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Original scientific paper

Transport Accessibility As a Factor of Depopulation and Developmental Delay: Case Study Žumberak

Ivo Turk orcid id ; Institute of Social Sciences Ivo Pilar, Zagreb
Nikola Šimunić ; Institute of Social Sciences Ivo Pilar – Regional Center Gospić, Gospić
Dražen Živić orcid id ; Institute of Social Sciences Ivo Pilar – Regional Center Vukovar, Vukovar

Full text: croatian pdf 8.822 Kb

page 241-266

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Žumberak has recorded depopulation processes in the past
eight decades. A complete demographic breakdown of
Žumberak happened in the second half of the twentieth
century. That period in Croatia was marked by urban-based
industrialization on one hand and deagrarization and
deruralization on the other hand. In those circumstances,
socio-geographic transformation failed in Žumberak.
Modernization processes in the cities, in combination with
their absence in Žumberak, have made Žumberak
unattractive for living. In the second half of the twentieth
century, emigration led Žumberak to the verge of extinction.
In this paper, methods of demographic statistics and GIS
analysis of transport accessibility are used in combination
with the application of graph theory in the analysis of the
transport network of the researched area. The results of the
research suggest the conclusion that the revitalization of
Žumberak is only possible with considerable material
investments in the framework of well-elaborated and well-
-designed development plans. They should certainly include
transport accessibility improvement.


depopulation, emigration, transport accessibility, population ageing, Žumberak

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Article data in other languages: croatian

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