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Review article

Legislative and Non-Legislative Legal Acts of the European Union and Democratic Legitimacy

Adnan Mahmutović orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-3553-2870 ; Faculty of Law Zenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina


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Abstract

The European Union has been faced with the problem of democratic deficit for several decades. The issue of democratic deficit became particularly noticeable after the Maastricht Treaty had come into force, giving the EU a new vision – the one of a political community. Considering that the beginning of the integration process was predominantly characterised by the economic aspects, it did not require greater citizens’ influence, unlike the political integration, which, due to its stabilisation, required more democratic legitimacy, i.e. stronger involvement and approval of the EU citizenry. The paper analyses the articles of the Lisbon Treaty related to the issue of EU’s legislative and non-legislative legal acts, explaining the types of legally binding acts and reasons for their harmonisation achieved by the Treaty. The author asks whether new legislative acts contribute to the strengthening of democratic legitimacy and criticises the activities of the Council. Furthermore, there is a detailed explanation of the types of non-legislative acts and the procedure of their adoption. The aim of the paper is to suggest the measures that should bring more transparency and accountability to the decision-making processes at the supranational level.

Keywords

legislative legal acts, non-legislative legal acts, democratic legitimacy, the European Union, the Lisbon Treaty

Hrčak ID:

130581

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/130581

Article data in other languages: croatian

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