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Professional paper

https://doi.org/10.21857/y26kec36g9

ROLE OF HYDROGEN FUEL CELLS IN THE ASSESSMENT OF THE TRANSPORT SECTOR DEVELOPMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF CROATIA

Ankica Kovač orcid id orcid.org/0000-0003-0148-5620 ; Fakultet strojarstva i brodogradnje, Zagreb


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Abstract

Hydrogen economy is the synonymous for sustainable energy system where
pure hydrogen replaces fossil fuels – hydrocarbons. In order to be successful
and sustainable hydrogen economy, hydrogen should be produced using using
clean processes coupled with renewable energy sources. One of the recommended
technique is the hydrogen production via process of water electrolysis using
solar energy. In the last 10 years, there are great investments in technology development
to get electrical energy from renewable energy sources. Although with
a relatively low efficiency, solar energy, i.e. technology that uses solar energy,
has a huge room for development. Thus, the implementation of solar technology
(direct conversion of solar into electrical energy) covers the market of wide scale.
Since photovoltaic cells can only produce energy during the day, the generated
energy needs to be stored and used at night. Existing storage technology is insufficiently
developed and very often expensive. Due to this fundamental limitation
of existing storage technology, hydrogen technology as one of the efficient
energy storage solutions, has been developing with an emphasis on hydrogen
production using renewable energy sources either in mobile (transport) or stationary
(back-up) applications.

Keywords

Hydrogen; Fuel cells; Renewable energy sources; Solar energy; Clean transport.

Hrčak ID:

214517

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/214517

Publication date:

31.12.2018.

Article data in other languages: croatian

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