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Original scientific paper

The Importance of Multi-level Theoretical Integration in Biopsychosocial Research

Daniel J. Kruger orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-2757-7016 ; University of Michigan, Prevention Research Centre and Institute for Social Research


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Abstract

There is a growing interest in the unification of health research in a biopsychosocial framework. However, increasing specialization and advancement in instrumentation makes it more difficult to bridge understanding across areas. It would be very useful to ground biopsychosocial research in the most powerful explanatory framework in the life sciences, evolution by natural and sexual selection. This would require and explanation of the functional significance of the phenomena related to the area of study, in addition to descriptions of the mechanism. The application of an integrative evolutionary framework will be illustrated with the example of sex differences in human mortality rates, which are related to endocrine, psychological, and socio-environmental factors. The integrative evolutionary model will be contrasted with a theoretical model that acknowledges physiological and social influences, but artificially separates them.

Keywords

biopsychosocial; sex differences; evolution; theory; health; mortality

Hrčak ID:

20447

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/20447

Publication date:

15.12.2007.

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