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Original scientific paper

https://doi.org/10.18047/poljo.25.2.4

Effect of fluopyram and liquid chicken manure preparation on rootknot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) in carrot crop

Mirjana Brmež ; Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Faculty of Agrobiotechnical Sciences Osijek, Vladimira Preloga 1, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
Josipa Puskarić orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-5118-6234 ; Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Faculty of Agrobiotechnical Sciences Osijek, Vladimira Preloga 1, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
Emilija Raspudić ; Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Faculty of Agrobiotechnical Sciences Osijek, Vladimira Preloga 1, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
Tamara Siber ; Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Faculty of Agrobiotechnical Sciences Osijek, Vladimira Preloga 1, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
Dinka Grubišić ; Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zagreb, Svetosimunska cesta 25, 10000, Zagreb
Brigita Popović ; Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Faculty of Agrobiotechnical Sciences Osijek, Vladimira Preloga 1, 31000 Osijek, Croatia


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Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the nematocidal effect of the preparations based on fluopyram (pesticide) and liquid chicken manure (natural amendment) on the population density of the root-knot nematodes, Meloidogyne spp. in carrot crops. The field experiment was set up in four treatments: control (C), fluopyram (FLU), fluopyram and liquid chicken manure (FLU+LCM) and liquid chicken manure (LCM) by a random block design in four replicates. Population density of Meloidogyne spp. juveniles varied between the treatments, and the number of Meloidogyne spp. was significantly decreased in all treatments with fluopyram (FLU and FLU+LCM). All amended treatments (FLU, FLU+LCM, LCM) decreased galling of the roots and had a positive effect on carrot yield. The population of Meloidogyne spp. juveniles increased with the plant growth, regardless of the treatments applied. Fluopyram negatively affected the biodiversity indicating greater disturbance for the nematode community structure in the soil. It can be concluded that fluopyram and liquid chicken manure have nematicidal potential, while liquid chicken manure maintained or enhanced nematode biodiversity.

Keywords

root-knot nematodes, fluopyram, liquid chicken manure, root gall index, carrot

Hrčak ID:

229476

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/229476

Article data in other languages: croatian

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