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Original scientific paper

Translation of the Clance Impostor Phenomenon Scale Into the Croatian Language

Ivona Čarapina Zovko orcid id ; University of Mostar, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Jakov Milić orcid id ; Catholic Faculty of Theology, University of Zagreb, Croatia
Filip Bartolomeo Vucemilovic ; Department of Emergency Medicine Dubrovnik-Neretva County, Dubrovnik, Croatia
Nika Jemrić ; General Hospital Varaždin, Varaždin, Croatia
Petra Sulić orcid id ; Department of Emergency Medicine Karlovac County, Karlovac, Croatia
Matea Turudić ; School of Medicine, University of Zagreb, Croatia
Dominic Vidović ; School of Medicine, University of Zagreb, Croatia
Dorotea Jelovica orcid id ; Department of Inclusive Education and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Education and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Ivan Padjen ; Division of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Centre Zagreb; School of Medicine, University of Zagreb, Croatia
Gordana Ivanac ; Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital Dubrava, Zagreb; School of Medicine, University of Zagreb, Croatia
Vedrana Ivić orcid id ; Department of Medical Biology and Genetics, Faculty of Medicine Osijek, J. J. Strossmayer University of Osijek, Osijek, Croatia
Ivana Škrlec ; Department of Biophysics, Biology, and Chemistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine and Health, J. J. Strossmayer University of Osijek, Croatia
Zrinka Biloglav ; Department of Medical Statistics, Epidemiology and Medical Informatics, School of Public Health Andrija Stampar, School of Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia

Full text: english pdf 314 Kb

page 145-156

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Introduction: Clance Impostor Phenomenon Scale (CIPS) is the most common and psychometrically sound instrument used to measure the impostor phenomenon. The aim of this study was to translate and make a cultural adaptation of the CIPS from English into Croatian.

Materials and Methods: The translation process included two independent forward translations, combination of the forward translations into one single translation, back-translation, back-translation review, pre-piloting and drafting of the final translation after several revisions and minor adjustments by a professional reviewer.

Results: We noticed no semantic differences when comparing the original and the back-translated versions of the CIPS. Thus, the final translation was only slightly changed in comparison with the first version.

Conclusions: The version of the CIPS which was translated and culturally adapted into Croatian represents a reliable translation ready to be used in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.


Croatian language, psychometrics, instruments, impostor syndrome, translation

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