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A METHODOLOGICAL MODEL OF THE TEMPORAL STRATIFICATION OF LEXIS

Ljiljana Butković ; Srednja škola dr. Antuna Barca, Crikvenica


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Abstract

The lexical system of the standard Croatian language can be divided into general lexis and the lexis of limited use. In the general lexis, two main strata can be distinguished: active lexeme stratum (active lexis) and passive lexeme stratum (passive lexis). Active lexis includes lexemes used in a defined period by the majority of Croatian language speakers. Passive lexis consists of lexemes which are obsolete due to different reasons. Passive lexis includes historicisms, archaisms, necrotisms and book lexemes. Historicisms are lexemes transferred from active to passive lexis due to the influence of extralinguistic factors. Archaisms are lexemes which became obsolete due to the influence of intralingustic factors i.e. they are replaced by more recent forms. Necrotisms are lexemes characteristic for the lexis of a single writer or lexicographer but they have never become a part of active lexis. Book lexemes can be found only in books, mostly in dictionaries. In transition from active to passive lexis there is «transitional lexis». It includes obsolete words, fashionable words, revived words and neologisms.

Keywords

active lexis, passive lexis, historicisms, archaisms, necrotisms, literary lexemes

Hrčak ID:

24072

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/24072

Article data in other languages: croatian

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