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Review article

https://doi.org/10.2478/aiht-2021-72-3576

Analysis of brominated flame retardants in the aquatic environment: a review

Karla Jagić orcid id orcid.org/0000-0001-8560-2112 ; Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health, Zagreb, Croatia
Marija Dvoršćak orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-5592-9568 ; Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health, Zagreb, Croatia
Darija Klinčić orcid id orcid.org/0000-0003-0793-0991 ; Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health, Zagreb, Croatia


Full text: english pdf 364 Kb

page 254-267

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Full text: croatian pdf 364 Kb

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Abstract

The most common and consequently analysed brominated flame retardants (BFRs) are polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), tetrabromobisphenol S (TBBPS), and hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD). As these persistent organic pollutants are widespread in the environment and have a number of harmful effects on human health, the production and use of most has been banned for several years. The aquatic environment is polluted by these compounds through their deposition from the atmosphere, sewage sludge, wastewater treatment plants, and landfills, and higher levels are found in areas with developed industry and agriculture and near landfills. Each compound also seems to show preference for specific compartments of the aquatic environment, i.e. water, sediment, or aquatic organisms, according to their physicochemical properties. The aim of this review was to take a closer look at the analysis of BFRs, as without reliable analysis we would not be able to determine their levels and distribution across the aquatic compartments and assess human exposure and health risks. Particularly worrying are the health risks associated with PBDEs in fish, whose levels generally exceed the permitted values.

Keywords

hexabromocyclododecane, HBCD, persistent organic pollutants, PBBs, polybrominated biphenyls, PBDEs, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, TBBPA, tetrabromobisphenol A, TBBPS, tetrabromobisphenol S

Hrčak ID:

268059

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/268059

Article data in other languages: croatian

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