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Review article

Transient Ischemic Attack as a Medical Emergency

Spomenka Kiđemet-Piskač
Emina Pavleković


Full text: croatian pdf 114 Kb

page 29-34

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Full text: english pdf 114 Kb

page 29-29

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Abstract

Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) is a vascular emergency that requires a specialized, systematic evaluation to confirm the diagnosis of an ischemic mechanism, identify high-risk source of brain ischemia and initiate a therapeutic strategy. It is important to distinguish whether the patient has a transient cerebral/ocular ischemic or a non-ischemic mimicking event. Patients with suspected TIA need an urgent neurological evaluation within 12 hrs, comprehensive neuroimaging work-up, preferably with MRI, cervical/cerebral vascular imaging, and basic cardiac evaluation (ECG). Treatment options include anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation, carotid revascularization for symptomatic carotid artery stenosis, antiplatelet therapy, and vascular risk factor reduction strategies. A TIA should be treated as a medical emergency, as up to 80% of strokes after TIA are preventable.

Keywords

transient ischemic attack (TIA); diagnosis; risk stratification; management of TIA; TIA

Hrčak ID:

275912

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/275912

Publication date:

2.5.2022.

Article data in other languages: croatian

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