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Original scientific paper

Yugoslavs and Europeans Compared: Supranational Polities and Supranational Identification

Nikola Petrović orcid id ; Institute for Social Research in Zagreb
Filip Fila orcid id ; Institute for Social Research in Zagreb
Marko Mrakovčić orcid id ; University of Rijeka

Full text: english pdf 348 Kb

page 66-92

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Drawing on Sekulić, Massey and Hodson’s seminal article ‘Who were the‎ Yugoslavs?’, this paper compares the share and determinants of identifying as‎ Yugoslavs during socialism with the panorama of primary European identification.‎ Eurobarometer surveys containing data on European identification are‎ utilized to that end. The study takes in consideration social and political contexts ‎that shaped supranational identification in particular Yugoslav socialist‎ republics and EU member states. Our findings show low levels of Europeans‎ and Yugoslavs in both polities. The results also show that nationally specific‎ contexts affect both the prevalence of European identification and its determinants.‎ There are considerable differences in the level of European identification‎ among EU countries, and statistical analyses of the Belgian, French and‎ German cases further showed that different factors shape it. Of all the variables,‎ non-exclusive nationalities have been the strongest predictors of supranational ‎identification in both Socialist Yugoslavia and the EU.‎


European Union; Socialist Yugoslavia; Identification; Supranationalism; Member States; Republics

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