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Original scientific paper

De Caterino poeta Pharensi: Marulić' s Poems to Hanibal and Caterinus

Nikša Petrić

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page 215-224

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Intrigued with the recent discovery of Marulić's hitherto unknown poems (D. Novaković, Colloquia Maruliana, VI, 1997), the author of the present article con-siders two further poems by Marulić, one addressed to Hanibal Lucić and other to the obscure poet from Hvar, Caterinus. Also, the article offers some fresh data concerning the 16th century Hvar literary scene.
According to the author, the clear design of Lucić's palace in Hvar and his residences in Hvar, Vis and Stari Grad (the last one has been published only recently) shows him as a builder and man with developed architectural consciousness, rounding off his intellectual profile. His well-known portrait with the inscription on the obverse reading: Anibal Lucij, anno aetatis suo LXII (which means that the painting date s from 154617, when Lucić was 62), he atributes to the painter Petar Bartučević, along with the portrait of a Hvar nobleman, kept at the Episcopal Museum of Hvar and not published to date. The author supposes that the portrait represents the painter's father, poet Jeronim Bartučević.
Marulić's eulogy to the young Hanibal, in which he proceeds from describing his physical traits to the praise of his talents and juvenile poetic output, shows that the two were on friendly terms. They probably met between 1510 and 1514, when 25-year-old Hanibal, like other Hvar noblemen, sojourned in Trogir and Split. After all, his relations with the Split literary circle are already well known.
In the second part of the article the author sets out to find out the true identity of the poet Caterinus. The name Katerin / Katarin was not rare in the 14th century Hvar and between the 15th and 18th centuries became quite common. For the period 1477-1523, when Marulić's poems appeared, the author lists around twenty local personalities bearing this name.
Four of them had explicit literary connections: Katarin Lucić, grandfather of the poet Hanibal; Katarin Paladini, son of the writer Nikola; Katarin Golubinić, a relative of Petar Golubinić to whom H. Lucić dedicated a poem; the dean Katarin Gazarović. The author concentrates on Gazarović, born into a noble family which gave at least two further men of letters: Katarin's nephew, dean and poet Nikola Gazarović and the poet Marin.
Based on the data presented in the article, the author concludes that Marulić's poems dedicated to the poets Katarin and Hanibal must have appeared between 1510 and 1514. Also he believes that the poet Caterinus from Hvar was dean Katarin Gazarović (?-1527).


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