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Zadar in Treaties during the First Half of the Twentieth Century (1915–1947)

Zlatko Begonja ; Zavod za povijesne znanosti HAZU u Zadru, Zadar, Hrvatska

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During the first half of the 20th century, a number of military-political treaties, which by their content were closely connected to the eastern Adriatiac Croatian spaces, made an essential impact on the contemporary but also the future political-administrative status of the city of Zadar. This is the reason why the article deals with the presentation of each treaty separately as well as with their key common connecting points. In the aftermath of the London treaty from 1915, through which Italy used the occasion to realize its hegemonic aspirations towards the Croatian coast, and the later defined Rapallo agreement in 1920, Zadar found itself de facto and de jure up to the very end of 1944 under Italian rule. It was only the entrance of the troops of the National Liberation Army in 1944 into the city that signaled the departure of Italian structures of power from the city which as a consequence had an immediate impact on the change of its de facto status. The signing of the peace agreement between Italy and Yugoslavia in Paris in 1947 finally resolved their mutual territorial boundaries and in this manner permanently solved the dilemma respecting the political-administrative position of Zadar.


Zadar, treaties, 1915.–1947

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