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Original scientific paper

HUSSERL’S PHENOMENOLOGY OF THE WORLD OF LIFE AND HEGEL’S PHENOMENOLOGY OF SPIRIT AS TWO MOST SIGNIFICANT PATHS OF MODERNISM

Ante Pažanin ; professor emeritus, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia


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Abstract

Using as his starting point Hegel’s explanation of the principled differentiation between the “manner of studying” and acquiring actual knowledge in the Antiquity and the Modern Age, the author demonstrates that both Hegel and Husserl, each in his own philosophical fashion, try to link the substantiality of the Antiquity and the subjectivity of the Modernity as well as to deepen and, consequently, put an end to the one-sidedness, both in the ancient tradition of multiformity (“des sinnlichen Daseins”) and in the modern “abstract form” of the manifesting subjectivity. The notion of “the actual knowledge” as actualization and “spiritualization” of the universal, with Hegel ends in “Selbstbewusstsein” and with Husserls in “phänomenologisches Residuum”, representing “das Feld einer neuen Wissenschaft” which Husserl calls “die Phänomenologie der Lebenswelt” and Hegel “die Phänomenologie des Geistes”. Hegel and Husserl evolve actual knowledge in the “form of science” which is – as “Wissenschaft von der Erfahrung des Bewusstseins” – different from the dogmatic metaphysics, empiricism and positivism of sciences. “Erfahrung” cannot be reduced to sensory experience; it – as the source of “des neuen wahren Gegenstandes” – also represents the experience of human thought and understanding. This already envisions in Hegel’s works the rehabilitation of different kinds and ways of genuine knowledge conceived by Aristotle in his Nichomachean Ethics. The author emphasizes the significance of practical knowledge, as extrapolated by Hegel in his philosophy of objective spirit and, particularly, in the notion of “Geist-Kapitel” in his Phenomenology of Spirit – not in the form of metaphysical definitions taken over by Hegel from the practical philosophy into the speculative one, but for the sake of developing the abilities of the spirit as “reality” in the historical world and its own historical “logic”. This peculiar logic of The Phenomenology of Spirit differs from the later Science of Logic like metaphysics. While the latter represents the thinking of the world prior to the creation of the world, The Phenomenology of Spirit makes for the practical philosophy of the historical world of life and requires the development of various kinds of knowledge, especially modern spiritual sciences appropriate for the contemporary reality and world history.

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Hrčak ID:

26847

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/26847

Article data in other languages: croatian

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