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Original scientific paper

https://doi.org/10.15644/asc57/1/6

Adjunctive Systemic Azithromycin with Nonsurgical Periodontal Treatment: Effects on Clinical Parameters in Smokers with Periodontitis

Melike Camgoz ; Gazi University, Faculty of Dentistry, Ankara, Turkey
Nilsun Bagis ; Ankara University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Periodontology, Ankara, Turkey
Elif Unsal ; Ankara University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Periodontology, Ankara, Turkey


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Abstract

Objectives: Smokers with periodontitis are therapeutically challenging. Azithromycin (AZM) may be used as an adjunct to periodontal treatment. The aim of this randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical study was to determine the effect of azithromycin in shallow, moderate, and deep pocket depths in smokers when combined with non-surgical periodontal treatment. Material and methods: Forty-nine patients who smoked at least 20 cigarettes per day for more than 5 years were included in the study; however only 40 completed it. The number of teeth, plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), PPD, CAL, bleeding on probing (BOP) and gingival recession were recorded at baseline and months 1, 3 and 6. The pocket depths (PD) were grouped as shallow, moderate, and deep. Twenty-four patients assigned to the AZM+ (test) group received AZM (500 mg tablets) once a day for 3 days, beginning on the first day of SRP. Results: The decline in the total number of pockets in all groups was statistically significant from baseline to 1 st , baseline to 3 rd , baseline to 6 th ; and from 1 st to 3 rd and 1 st to 6 th months. There was a statistically significant increase in the number of shallow pockets between baseline and 3 rd , baseline and 6 th ; and 1 st and 6 th months (p=0.000) for both groups. Conclusion: Antibiotic administration significantly increased the number of shallow pockets at all time points. However, larger scale controlled clinical studies are needed to verify the efficiency of AZM in smoker periodontitis patients.

Keywords

Periodontitis; Periodontal Pocket; Azithromycin; Smokers; Non-surgical Periodontal Treatment

Hrčak ID:

296290

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/296290

Publication date:

27.3.2023.

Article data in other languages: croatian

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