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Original scientific paper

To Recognize or not – the Policy of the United States toward Croatia, 1990-1991

Sabrina P. Ramet ; Department of Sociology and Political Science, NTNU – Dragvoll, Norway

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page 141-158

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The author examined the question of the attitude of the US to the war
in Croatia, especially from the point of view of whether to recognize it as an independent state during the period from the beginning of the move to independence in 1990 until 1992. She considers that American President George Bush, despite his public support for a new world order, assumed a very conservative attitude toward the situation in Eastern Europe, inclining toward the preservation of the Soviet Union and Socialist Yugoslavia as if international stability depended on their continuation. In declining from recognizing Croatia,
Bush was not in step with the European Union, as he at the time claimed he was, but was rather in opposition to it. The author stresses that the war in Yugoslavia did not affect any vital American interest, which was at the time instead focused on the events in Kuwait and the Soviet Union. The attitude toward Croatia was also influenced by a distorted perception of the events of World War Two as utilized in Serbian propaganda, which continued to distort reality and accused Croatian President Tuđman of anti-Semitism. As well,
Serbian propaganda continually warned of the endangered condition of the Serb minority in Croatia. The author concludes that the Bush administration proved incompetent by not reacting in time to the situation in war-torn former Yugoslavia, ignoring the speeches and resolutions of the Senate and House of Congress, and displaying a lack of interest in the plight of people in a region considered unimportant to American interests.


Croatia; Serbia; Yugoslavia; United States of America; Franjo Tuđman; Slobodan Milošević; War in Croatia – 1991

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