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Original scientific paper


Mislav Ježić ; Faculty of Philosophy, Zagreb

Full text: croatian pdf 8.055 Kb

page 13-24

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If we distinguish between regionally and centrally governed or organized countries
in Europe, the middle Europe (in a ve/}' broad sense) will prove to be traditionally a
largely regionalized area. This pattern applies fully to Croatia, where there were
always several cultural and economic centres of importance in Dalmatia, Slavonia
and elsewhere. The traditional pattern of government through a king or a vice-roy,
ban, and through regional administrators, župans, equally fits into the picture. The
cultural history, the Mediterranean renaissanee in badly dismembered Croatian
lands and the 19th centu/}' continental cultural revival in a Croatia on the way towards
the future unification correspond with the European, especially the middle European
pattern. The oomplementery character of the two revivals and the continuity between
them has given the intellectual milieu of Zagreb since the continental revival the
necessary preconditions to represent appropriately the whole of Croatia and of its
heritage. Thus we have in Croatia a great variety among regions, which should be
further cultivated, on one hand, and a centre, Zagreb, where people of all regions
are well represented, and wherefrom the regions may be properly coordinated. While
Croatia was dismembered, Croatian poets, intellectuals and political leaders never
gave up their aspirations at a unified Croatia, and kept building up a complex cultural
pattern to include all regional and even intercultural distinctions of their cultural
environment. Now, when Croatia is being born, we must not betray this harmonious
structure neither by neglecting regional particularities, nor by disturbing the final
liberation and unification of the counuy. The position of regions in Croatia as well as
in Europe may be advocated by the principle of subsidiarity, which should enable
all natural communities, like family, region, national group, country and continent or
cultural sphere, to organize their system of interrelations from the bottom to the top,
provided that broader common interests are not violated and that appropriate higher
levels of taking decisions are introduced always when (and only when) it is necessary.


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