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AIR POLLUTION FROM MARITIME TRANSPORT – THE PROBLEM OF TODAY, THE CHALLENGE OF TOMMOROW

Marina Zanne ; University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Maritime Studies and Transport
elen Twrdy ; University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Maritime Studies and Transport

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (716 KB) str. 101-108 preuzimanja: 243* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Zanne, M. i Twrdy, e. (2011). AIR POLLUTION FROM MARITIME TRANSPORT – THE PROBLEM OF TODAY, THE CHALLENGE OF TOMMOROW. Pomorstvo, 25 (1), 101-108. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/69638
MLA 8th Edition
Zanne, Marina i elen Twrdy. "AIR POLLUTION FROM MARITIME TRANSPORT – THE PROBLEM OF TODAY, THE CHALLENGE OF TOMMOROW." Pomorstvo, vol. 25, br. 1, 2011, str. 101-108. https://hrcak.srce.hr/69638. Citirano 23.10.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Zanne, Marina i elen Twrdy. "AIR POLLUTION FROM MARITIME TRANSPORT – THE PROBLEM OF TODAY, THE CHALLENGE OF TOMMOROW." Pomorstvo 25, br. 1 (2011): 101-108. https://hrcak.srce.hr/69638
Harvard
Zanne, M., i Twrdy, e. (2011). 'AIR POLLUTION FROM MARITIME TRANSPORT – THE PROBLEM OF TODAY, THE CHALLENGE OF TOMMOROW', Pomorstvo, 25(1), str. 101-108. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/69638 (Datum pristupa: 23.10.2019.)
Vancouver
Zanne M, Twrdy e. AIR POLLUTION FROM MARITIME TRANSPORT – THE PROBLEM OF TODAY, THE CHALLENGE OF TOMMOROW. Pomorstvo [Internet]. 2011 [pristupljeno 23.10.2019.];25(1):101-108. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/69638
IEEE
M. Zanne i e. Twrdy, "AIR POLLUTION FROM MARITIME TRANSPORT – THE PROBLEM OF TODAY, THE CHALLENGE OF TOMMOROW", Pomorstvo, vol.25, br. 1, str. 101-108, 2011. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/69638. [Citirano: 23.10.2019.]
Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (716 KB) str. 101-0 preuzimanja: 378* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Zanne, M. i Twrdy, e. (2011). ONEČIŠĆENJE ZRAKA U POMORSKOM PRIJEVOZU – PROBLEM DANAŠNJICE, IZAZOV BUDUĆNOSTI. Pomorstvo, 25 (1), 101-0. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/69638
MLA 8th Edition
Zanne, Marina i elen Twrdy. "ONEČIŠĆENJE ZRAKA U POMORSKOM PRIJEVOZU – PROBLEM DANAŠNJICE, IZAZOV BUDUĆNOSTI." Pomorstvo, vol. 25, br. 1, 2011, str. 101-0. https://hrcak.srce.hr/69638. Citirano 23.10.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Zanne, Marina i elen Twrdy. "ONEČIŠĆENJE ZRAKA U POMORSKOM PRIJEVOZU – PROBLEM DANAŠNJICE, IZAZOV BUDUĆNOSTI." Pomorstvo 25, br. 1 (2011): 101-0. https://hrcak.srce.hr/69638
Harvard
Zanne, M., i Twrdy, e. (2011). 'ONEČIŠĆENJE ZRAKA U POMORSKOM PRIJEVOZU – PROBLEM DANAŠNJICE, IZAZOV BUDUĆNOSTI', Pomorstvo, 25(1), str. 101-0. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/69638 (Datum pristupa: 23.10.2019.)
Vancouver
Zanne M, Twrdy e. ONEČIŠĆENJE ZRAKA U POMORSKOM PRIJEVOZU – PROBLEM DANAŠNJICE, IZAZOV BUDUĆNOSTI. Pomorstvo [Internet]. 2011 [pristupljeno 23.10.2019.];25(1):101-0. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/69638
IEEE
M. Zanne i e. Twrdy, "ONEČIŠĆENJE ZRAKA U POMORSKOM PRIJEVOZU – PROBLEM DANAŠNJICE, IZAZOV BUDUĆNOSTI", Pomorstvo, vol.25, br. 1, str. 101-0, 2011. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/69638. [Citirano: 23.10.2019.]

Sažetak
There are almost 100,000 ships of various purposes, sizes, ages, energy efficiency etc. travelling around the world every single day. Although the maritime transport is considered to be environmentally friendly in comparison to other modes of transportation, all these ships produce some pollution, as in the majority of cases, they burn low grade bunker fuel that contains up to several thousands times the amount of sulphur compared to diesel fuel used in automobiles.

International legislation regarding the reduction of SO2 and NOX emissions from shipping is prepared and its enforcement has started. Nevertheless, IMO is severely criticized for setting too high limits for sulphur content in bunker. In addition, the ships’ emissions in international waters still remain one of the least regulated areas.

MARPOL Annex VI and its revision have set the new limits for fuel sulphur content and NOX. However the shipping industry is still not taking part of the emissions trading schemes, although the share of its emissions is growing rapidly (due to the growth in the seaborne trade as well as because of reductions of emissions in land transportation). There are several technological, operational and economic solutions that, if or when applied, should reduce the air pollution from ships.

Ključne riječi
maritime transport; environment; air pollution; external costs; operational costs; fuel costs; fuel quality

Hrčak ID: 69638

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/69638

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 1.025 *