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Endocranial Volume and Brain Growth in Immature Neandertals

HÉLÈNE COQUEUGNIOT ; 1_Department of Human Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig, Germany; 2_
JEAN-JACQUES HUBLIN   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0001-6283-8114 ; Department of Human Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig, Germany

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (140 KB) str. 379-385 preuzimanja: 809* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
COQUEUGNIOT, H. i HUBLIN, J. (2007). Endocranial Volume and Brain Growth in Immature Neandertals. Periodicum biologorum, 109 (4), 379-385. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/74682
MLA 8th Edition
COQUEUGNIOT, HÉLÈNE i JEAN-JACQUES HUBLIN. "Endocranial Volume and Brain Growth in Immature Neandertals." Periodicum biologorum, vol. 109, br. 4, 2007, str. 379-385. https://hrcak.srce.hr/74682. Citirano 01.12.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
COQUEUGNIOT, HÉLÈNE i JEAN-JACQUES HUBLIN. "Endocranial Volume and Brain Growth in Immature Neandertals." Periodicum biologorum 109, br. 4 (2007): 379-385. https://hrcak.srce.hr/74682
Harvard
COQUEUGNIOT, H., i HUBLIN, J. (2007). 'Endocranial Volume and Brain Growth in Immature Neandertals', Periodicum biologorum, 109(4), str. 379-385. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/74682 (Datum pristupa: 01.12.2021.)
Vancouver
COQUEUGNIOT H, HUBLIN J. Endocranial Volume and Brain Growth in Immature Neandertals. Periodicum biologorum [Internet]. 2007 [pristupljeno 01.12.2021.];109(4):379-385. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/74682
IEEE
H. COQUEUGNIOT i J. HUBLIN, "Endocranial Volume and Brain Growth in Immature Neandertals", Periodicum biologorum, vol.109, br. 4, str. 379-385, 2007. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/74682. [Citirano: 01.12.2021.]

Sažetak
Microstructural studies have suggested that an extended period of growth was absent in representatives of Homo erectus, and that Neandertals reached adulthood significantly more rapidly than modern humans. In addition to general rate of growth, a prolonged postnatal period of brain development allows humans to develop complex cognitive and social skills. Conditions in brain growth similar to those observed in extant humans were not established in the first representatives of Homo erectus. To assess the degree of secondary altriciality reached by Neandertals, we examined the most complete skulls available for immature Neandertal specimens. The endocranial volumes were evaluated by using equations based on external
cranial measurements. The proportional endocranial volumes (PEV) of
these fossils were compared to the PEV of known age modern children from Western Europe and to a developmental series of Pan troglodytes. We present an estimation of the cranial capacity of Krapina 1. Although Neandertal children are close to the modern variation, the position of the youngest specimens in the upper range of variation led us to propose that Neandertals may have displayed a slightly more primitive pattern with respect to the speed of brain growth.

Ključne riječi
Krapina 1; Neandertals; endocranial volume; secondary altriciality; brain; growth and development

Hrčak ID: 74682

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/74682

Posjeta: 1.187 *