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Preliminary communication


Nuno Carlos Leitao
Bogdan Dima
Stefana Dima (Cristea)

Fulltext: english, pdf (985 KB) pages 134-143 downloads: 454* cite
APA 6th Edition
Carlos Leitao, N., Dima, B. & Dima (Cristea), S. (2012). IMMIGRATION AND TRADE. Economic research - Ekonomska istraživanja, 25 (1), 134-143. Retrieved from
MLA 8th Edition
Carlos Leitao, Nuno, et al. "IMMIGRATION AND TRADE." Economic research - Ekonomska istraživanja, vol. 25, no. 1, 2012, pp. 134-143. Accessed 27 May 2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Carlos Leitao, Nuno, Bogdan Dima and Stefana Dima (Cristea). "IMMIGRATION AND TRADE." Economic research - Ekonomska istraživanja 25, no. 1 (2012): 134-143.
Carlos Leitao, N., Dima, B., and Dima (Cristea), S. (2012). 'IMMIGRATION AND TRADE', Economic research - Ekonomska istraživanja, 25(1), pp. 134-143. Available at: (Accessed 27 May 2020)
Carlos Leitao N, Dima B, Dima (Cristea) S. IMMIGRATION AND TRADE. Economic research - Ekonomska istraživanja [Internet]. 2012 [cited 2020 May 27];25(1):134-143. Available from:
N. Carlos Leitao, B. Dima and S. Dima (Cristea), "IMMIGRATION AND TRADE", Economic research - Ekonomska istraživanja, vol.25, no. 1, pp. 134-143, 2012. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 27 May 2020]

This paper investigates the relationship between intra-industry trade (IIT), horizontal IIT, vertical IIT (VIIT) and immigration flows using a gravity model for the period 1995-2008 amongst Portugal and European Union’s Member States (EU-27). Using a panel data approach, the results show a positive correlation between immigration and IIT. These outcomes indicate that the immigration can reduce transaction costs between home and host country. We also consider the economic dimension which appears to exercise a positive effect on trade. Our research confirms the hypothesis that there is a negative effect of transportation costs on trade.

Intra-industry trade; Horizontal intra-industry trade; Vertical intra-industry trade; Immigration and Panel Data

Hrčak ID: 80017



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