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Original scientific paper

The genetic population study of Balkan Silver Fir (Abies alba Mill.)

DALIBOR BALLIAN   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-0090-6617 ; University of Sarajevo, Faculty of Forestry, Zagrebačka 20, 71 000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
FARUK BOGUNIĆ ; University of Sarajevo, Faculty of Forestry, Zagrebačka 20, 71 000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
MUHAMED BAJRIĆ ; University of Sarajevo, Faculty of Forestry, Zagrebačka 20, 71 000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
DAVORIN KAJBA   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0001-9194-1030 ; 2University of Zagreb, Faculty of Forestry, Svetošimunska 25, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia
HOJKA KRAIGHER ; Slovenian Forestry Institute, Večna pot 101, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
MONIKA KONNERT ; Bavarian Institution for Forest Seeding and Planting, D-83317 Teisendorf, Germany

Fulltext: english, pdf (709 KB) pages 55-65 downloads: 781* cite
APA 6th Edition
BALLIAN, D., BOGUNIĆ, F., BAJRIĆ, M., KAJBA, D., KRAIGHER, H. & KONNERT, M. (2012). The genetic population study of Balkan Silver Fir (Abies alba Mill.). Periodicum biologorum, 114 (1), 55-65. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/80898
MLA 8th Edition
BALLIAN, DALIBOR, et al. "The genetic population study of Balkan Silver Fir (Abies alba Mill.)." Periodicum biologorum, vol. 114, no. 1, 2012, pp. 55-65. https://hrcak.srce.hr/80898. Accessed 24 Oct. 2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
BALLIAN, DALIBOR, FARUK BOGUNIĆ, MUHAMED BAJRIĆ, DAVORIN KAJBA, HOJKA KRAIGHER and MONIKA KONNERT. "The genetic population study of Balkan Silver Fir (Abies alba Mill.)." Periodicum biologorum 114, no. 1 (2012): 55-65. https://hrcak.srce.hr/80898
Harvard
BALLIAN, D., et al. (2012). 'The genetic population study of Balkan Silver Fir (Abies alba Mill.)', Periodicum biologorum, 114(1), pp. 55-65. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/80898 (Accessed 24 October 2020)
Vancouver
BALLIAN D, BOGUNIĆ F, BAJRIĆ M, KAJBA D, KRAIGHER H, KONNERT M. The genetic population study of Balkan Silver Fir (Abies alba Mill.). Periodicum biologorum [Internet]. 2012 [cited 2020 October 24];114(1):55-65. Available from: https://hrcak.srce.hr/80898
IEEE
D. BALLIAN, F. BOGUNIĆ, M. BAJRIĆ, D. KAJBA, H. KRAIGHER and M. KONNERT, "The genetic population study of Balkan Silver Fir (Abies alba Mill.)", Periodicum biologorum, vol.114, no. 1, pp. 55-65, 2012. [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/80898. [Accessed: 24 October 2020]

Abstracts
Background and Purpose: Silver fir (Abies albaMill.) is one of the most important forest tree species in theWestern Balkan area from both economic and ecological aspect. Its distribution has for years been the subject of scientific research, the reason being that silver fir from these areas displays very interesting morphological and genetic differentiation. Material and methods: The development of modern methods and the use of nad5-4 marker have solved the problem of contact zones of silver fir originating from the Apennine and Balkan glacial refugia in the Western Balkan area. The objective of this study was to determine the boundary of gene introgression of silver fir derived from the Apennine and Balkan glacial refugia in the western Balkan populations with the use of isoenzymes. Twenty-four selected populations from Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia were investigated. Nine enzyme systems were studied, polymorphic gene loci were scored and so were their allelic types. The analysis of general genetic parameters did not allowfor any conclusion, and neither did the analysis of genetic distances. For this reason, the allele distribution was analyzed. Results and Conclusions: Statistical analysis showed the separation of the populations from Croatia which belong to the group west of the contact zone. In the populations along the contact zone and in those from the eastern part, the grouping did not show any regularity or any clinal variability. The main reason for this is attributed to high ecological diversity, fragmentation and the occurrence of genetic drift. It can be concluded that silver fir originating from the Balkan refugium was more widely distributed in the past, but is now constantly retreating in relation to that originating from the Apennines. Another hypothesis is that it may have reached southern Germany through a similar gene flow. The impact of the alleles originating from the Apennine refugium is also present in the eastern parts of Bosnia.

Keywords
Silver fir; (Abies alba); isoenzymes; migration route; Western Balkan

Hrčak ID: 80898

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/80898

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