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The second period of test development and testing practices in the Republic of Croatia from 1932 to 1948

Krunoslav Matešić ; Faculty of Education, University of Zagreb

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Following preparations made during 1931, the Councelling centre for career choice in Zagreb began work on 2nd January 1932. Prof.dr. Ramiro Bujas participated in its foundation. Dr. Zlatko Pregrad began work as a psych technician (psychologist) at the Councelling centre. Psychological tests were immediately developed and administered, primarily measures of intellectual abilities. Dr. Zoran Bujas began work at the Councelling centre in 1935 on a temporary basis and from 1937 on a permanent basis. Following early adaptations of existing foreign tests by Zlatko Pregrad and Ramiro Bujas, Zoran Bujas begins developing the Centre's own instruments. In 1937, Ramiro Bujas and Zoran Bujas publish the 'Z Series', while Zoran Bujas and Boris Petz publish the 'R Series' in 1940, later revised as the 'R-II Series' in 1944. During Stalin's attack on Yugoslavia in 1948, members of the Communist party, students of psychology, organize an attack on Ramiro Bujas, Adela Ostojčić and Zoran Bujas related to their ideological stand and the use of psychological tests and the practice of testing. Despite the fact that the attack on tests appeared similar to the testing ban in the USSR in 1936, the reasons for the attack were completely different. The Councelling centre for career choice was disbanded and the five psychologists found themselves unemployed overnight. During this 17-year period, the only testing in Croatia was within the framework of professional orientation. The professional orientation service was renewed in 1952, marking the beginning of the third period of tests and testing in the Republic of Croatia.

Ključne riječi
history of psychology; history of tests; history of testing

Hrčak ID: 81334



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