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Review article

Theories and models of lightness perception

Veseljka Rebić ; Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb

Fulltext: croatian, pdf (688 KB) pages 241-260 downloads: 2.026* cite
APA 6th Edition
Rebić, V. (2008). Teorije i modeli percepcije svjetlina. Suvremena psihologija, 11 (2), 241-260. Retrieved from
MLA 8th Edition
Rebić, Veseljka. "Teorije i modeli percepcije svjetlina." Suvremena psihologija, vol. 11, no. 2, 2008, pp. 241-260. Accessed 26 Sep. 2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Rebić, Veseljka. "Teorije i modeli percepcije svjetlina." Suvremena psihologija 11, no. 2 (2008): 241-260.
Rebić, V. (2008). 'Teorije i modeli percepcije svjetlina', Suvremena psihologija, 11(2), pp. 241-260. Available at: (Accessed 26 September 2021)
Rebić V. Teorije i modeli percepcije svjetlina. Suvremena psihologija [Internet]. 2008 [cited 2021 September 26];11(2):241-260. Available from:
V. Rebić, "Teorije i modeli percepcije svjetlina", Suvremena psihologija, vol.11, no. 2, pp. 241-260, 2008. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 26 September 2021]

Lightness constancy means that perception of an object’s lightness tends to be perceived as unchanging, despite changes in the amount of light striking the surface of an object. It is generally thought lightness is essentially determined by the percentage of light reflected from an object's surface. However, it is not clear how the visual system extracts information about object reflectance because the amount of light entering the eye confounds reflectance with the level of illumination in the scene. Several theories and models have been proposed as a solution for this problem. According to the low-level approach, lightness constancy depends on retinal mechanisms and brightness coding in the early visual processing stage. Another class of models considers higher perceptual mechanisms as the base of lightness constancy phenomena. Most influential theories and associated experimental findings are presented in this paper.

lightness perception; brightness perception; lightness constancy; simultaneous contrast

Hrčak ID: 81520



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