APA 6th Edition Nimac, S. (2012). Župa u mijenama 19. i 20. stoljeća. Obnovljeni Život, 67. (3.), 353-367. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/85703
MLA 8th Edition Nimac, Stipe. "Župa u mijenama 19. i 20. stoljeća." Obnovljeni Život, vol. 67., br. 3., 2012, str. 353-367. https://hrcak.srce.hr/85703. Citirano 26.01.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition Nimac, Stipe. "Župa u mijenama 19. i 20. stoljeća." Obnovljeni Život 67., br. 3. (2012): 353-367. https://hrcak.srce.hr/85703
Harvard Nimac, S. (2012). 'Župa u mijenama 19. i 20. stoljeća', Obnovljeni Život, 67.(3.), str. 353-367. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/85703 (Datum pristupa: 26.01.2021.)
Vancouver Nimac S. Župa u mijenama 19. i 20. stoljeća. Obnovljeni Život [Internet]. 2012 [pristupljeno 26.01.2021.];67.(3.):353-367. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/85703
IEEE S. Nimac, "Župa u mijenama 19. i 20. stoljeća", Obnovljeni Život, vol.67., br. 3., str. 353-367, 2012. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/85703. [Citirano: 26.01.2021.]
Sažetak This essay discusses the parish situation during the 19th and 20th centuries. With the dawn of the contemporary age there occurred a great transformation in the development of society and the Church. The late 18th century was marked by the French Revolution (1789) and the beginning of the 19th century by significant social and ideological processes (awakening of nations, Communism, Liberalism) by means of which secularization was begun. With the development of industry and expansion of large cities the proletariate began to grow. The Church called attention to the workers' plight in the late19th century, but especially at the start of the 20th century.
Heinrich Swoboda, the eminent Viennese pastoral theologian, made a major contribution to the field of pastoral care, and already in 1909 he put forth some basic requirements for pastoral care in large urban environments of his time. The remarkable Codex Iuris Canonici (CIC) was issued in 1917, however from a pastoral point of view it provided nothing significantly new. True novelties in regard to the parish and the pastoral approach were introduced by the Second Vatican Council, the pastoral council. The parish is now primarily a community of faithful, especially so if they have gathered in Christ's name. Territorial issues and all else is of lesser importance and loses significance. Vatican II found its legal expression in the new CIC of 1983. This, however, was not the end of the adaptation of the Church and parish structures to modern times and space, but rather „aggiornamento“, if it is to carry any weight, must always and permanently be applied in adapting to new situations and challenges which life continually puts before the Church.