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The National Issues in the Yugoslav History Textbooks

Jurica Botić ; Faculty of Philosophy, University of Ljubljana

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (773 KB) str. 497-509 preuzimanja: 44* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Botić, J. (2012). Problem nacije u jugoslavenskim udžbenicima povijesti. Školski vjesnik, 61. (4.), 497-509. Preuzeto s
MLA 8th Edition
Botić, Jurica. "Problem nacije u jugoslavenskim udžbenicima povijesti." Školski vjesnik, vol. 61., br. 4., 2012, str. 497-509. Citirano 21.10.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Botić, Jurica. "Problem nacije u jugoslavenskim udžbenicima povijesti." Školski vjesnik 61., br. 4. (2012): 497-509.
Botić, J. (2012). 'Problem nacije u jugoslavenskim udžbenicima povijesti', Školski vjesnik, 61.(4.), str. 497-509. Preuzeto s: (Datum pristupa: 21.10.2021.)
Botić J. Problem nacije u jugoslavenskim udžbenicima povijesti. Školski vjesnik [Internet]. 2012 [pristupljeno 21.10.2021.];61.(4.):497-509. Dostupno na:
J. Botić, "Problem nacije u jugoslavenskim udžbenicima povijesti", Školski vjesnik, vol.61., br. 4., str. 497-509, 2012. [Online]. Dostupno na: [Citirano: 21.10.2021.]

The term nation and its position in the Croatian history textbooks at the period of the monarchist and socialist Yugoslavia present the central problem that this article deals with. Through the comparative qualitative analysis of the content of history textbooks in the period between 1922 and 1990 the article attempts to answer three fundamental questions – the selection of terminology in explaining the phenomenon of nation, the change in number of national categories in the period of both Yugoslav states, and (non)existence of ethnocentrism and ethnonationalism in historical interpretations. Although we can find very clear traces of terminological wandering in the textbooks, the authors of each textbook do not differ too much in the explanation of the term nation, but in the interpretation of the origin of nation there are obvious ideological conflicts between textbooks published during the period of first and second Yugoslav state. Parallelly with the increase of the number of officially recognized nations in Yugoslavia, the number of Yugoslav nations increases in the textbooks and finally ends with six of them – Slovenes, Croats, Muslims, Serbs, Montenegrins and Macedonians, not counting Yugoslavs. By using open eurocentrism with strong elements of ethnocentristic accesses to historical interpretations, Yugoslav history textbooks hide their ethnonationalistic interpretations. Indeed, the specific Yugoslav eurocentrism contains obvious elements of ethnonationalism as a result of reflection of the Ottoman role in the political development of Yugoslav nations. However, the level of quality of Yugoslav history textbooks obviously raised with the development of historiography.

Ključne riječi
nation; ethnicity; Yugoslavia; historiography; history textbooks

Hrčak ID: 94783


[hrvatski] [talijanski]

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