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https://doi.org/10.7906/indecs.11.1.4

Extending Life Concepts to Complex Systems

Jean Le Fur ; The Center for Biology and Management of Populations, Joint Research Unit INRA/IRD/CIRAD/Agro.M, Montferrier-sur-Lez, France

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (679 KB) str. 37-50 preuzimanja: 538* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Le Fur, J. (2013). Extending Life Concepts to Complex Systems. Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems, 11 (1), 37-50. https://doi.org/10.7906/indecs.11.1.4
MLA 8th Edition
Le Fur, Jean. "Extending Life Concepts to Complex Systems." Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems, vol. 11, br. 1, 2013, str. 37-50. https://doi.org/10.7906/indecs.11.1.4. Citirano 04.07.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Le Fur, Jean. "Extending Life Concepts to Complex Systems." Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems 11, br. 1 (2013): 37-50. https://doi.org/10.7906/indecs.11.1.4
Harvard
Le Fur, J. (2013). 'Extending Life Concepts to Complex Systems', Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems, 11(1), str. 37-50. https://doi.org/10.7906/indecs.11.1.4
Vancouver
Le Fur J. Extending Life Concepts to Complex Systems. Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems [Internet]. 2013 [pristupljeno 04.07.2020.];11(1):37-50. https://doi.org/10.7906/indecs.11.1.4
IEEE
J. Le Fur, "Extending Life Concepts to Complex Systems", Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems, vol.11, br. 1, str. 37-50, 2013. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.7906/indecs.11.1.4

Sažetak
There is still no consensus definition of complex systems. This article explores, as a heuristic approach, the possibility of using notions associated with life as transversal concepts for defining complex systems. This approach is developed within a general classification of systems, with complex systems considered as a general ‘living things’ category and living organisms as a specialised class within this category. Concepts associated with life are first explored in the context of complex systems: birth, death and lifetime, adaptation, ontogeny and growth, reproduction. Thereafter, a refutation approach is used to test the proposed classification against a set of diverse systems, including a reference case, edge cases and immaterial complex systems. The summary of this analysis is then used to generate a definition of complex systems, based on the proposal, and within the background of cybernetics, complex adaptive systems and biology. Using notions such as ‘birth’ or ‘lifespan’ as transversal concepts may be of heuristic value for the generic characterization of complex systems, opening up new lines of research for improving their definition.

Ključne riječi
complex systems; life concepts; refutation approach; heuristic

Hrčak ID: 96056

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/96056

Posjeta: 793 *