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Acta Pharmaceutica, Vol. 63 No. 2, 2013.

Kratko priopćenje
https://doi.org/10.2478/acph-2013-0011

Photodegradation of levofloxacin in aqueous and organic solvents: A kinetic study

IQBAL AHMAD ; Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Baqai Medical University, Karachi 74600, Pakistan
RAHEELA BANO ; Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Baqai Medical University, Karachi 74600, Pakistan
MUHAMMAD ALI SHERAZ   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-6333-8178 ; Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Baqai Medical University, Karachi 74600, Pakistan
SOFIA AHMED ; Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Baqai Medical University, Karachi 74600, Pakistan
TANIA MIRZA ; Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Baqai Medical University, Karachi 74600, Pakistan
SHAKEEL AHMAD ANSARI ; Tabros Pharma, Karachi 74600, Pakistan

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (75 KB) str. 223-229 preuzimanja: 1.666* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
AHMAD, I., BANO, R., SHERAZ, M.A., AHMED, S., MIRZA, T. i ANSARI, S.A. (2013). Photodegradation of levofloxacin in aqueous and organic solvents: A kinetic study. Acta Pharmaceutica, 63 (2), 223-229. https://doi.org/10.2478/acph-2013-0011
MLA 8th Edition
AHMAD, IQBAL, et al. "Photodegradation of levofloxacin in aqueous and organic solvents: A kinetic study." Acta Pharmaceutica, vol. 63, br. 2, 2013, str. 223-229. https://doi.org/10.2478/acph-2013-0011. Citirano 25.05.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
AHMAD, IQBAL, RAHEELA BANO, MUHAMMAD ALI SHERAZ, SOFIA AHMED, TANIA MIRZA i SHAKEEL AHMAD ANSARI. "Photodegradation of levofloxacin in aqueous and organic solvents: A kinetic study." Acta Pharmaceutica 63, br. 2 (2013): 223-229. https://doi.org/10.2478/acph-2013-0011
Harvard
AHMAD, I., et al. (2013). 'Photodegradation of levofloxacin in aqueous and organic solvents: A kinetic study', Acta Pharmaceutica, 63(2), str. 223-229. doi: https://doi.org/10.2478/acph-2013-0011
Vancouver
AHMAD I, BANO R, SHERAZ MA, AHMED S, MIRZA T, ANSARI SA. Photodegradation of levofloxacin in aqueous and organic solvents: A kinetic study. Acta Pharm. [Internet]. 2013 [pristupljeno 25.05.2019.];63(2):223-229. doi: https://doi.org/10.2478/acph-2013-0011
IEEE
I. AHMAD, R. BANO, M.A. SHERAZ, S. AHMED, T. MIRZA i S.A. ANSARI, "Photodegradation of levofloxacin in aqueous and organic solvents: A kinetic study", Acta Pharmaceutica, vol.63, br. 2, str. 223-229, 2013. [Online]. doi: https://doi.org/10.2478/acph-2013-0011

Sažetak
The kinetics of photodegradation of levofloxacin in solution on UV irradiation in the pH range 2.0–12.0 has been studied using a HPLC method. Levofloxacin undergoes first-order kinetics in the initial stages of the reaction and the apparent first-order rate constants are of the order of 0.167 to 1.807×10–3 min–1. The rate-pH profile is represented by a curve indicating the presence of cationic, dipolar and anionic species during the reaction. The singly ionized form of the molecule is non-fluorescent and is less susceptible to photodegradation. The increase in the degradation rate in the pH range 5.0–9.0 may be due to greater reactivity of the ionized species existing in that range. The rate appears to vary with a change in the degree of ionization of the species present in a particular pH range and their susceptibility to photodegradation. Above pH 9, the decrease in the rate of photodegradation may be result of deprotonation of the piperazinyl group. The levofloxacin molecule is more stable in the pH range around 7, which is then suitable for formulation purposes. The photodegradation of levofloxacin was found to be affected by the dielectric constant and viscosity of the medium.

Ključne riječi
levofloxacin; photodegradation; kinetics; solvent effect

Hrčak ID: 97699

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/97699

Posjeta: 1.889 *