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CONTRIBUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA TO THE UNIFICATION OF THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT LAW

Ante Vuković   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-0984-1100
Dejan Bodul

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (651 KB) str. 3-20 preuzimanja: 273* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Vuković, A. i Bodul, D. (2013). CONTRIBUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA TO THE UNIFICATION OF THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT LAW. Pomorstvo, 27 (1), 3-20. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/103919
MLA 8th Edition
Vuković, Ante i Dejan Bodul. "CONTRIBUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA TO THE UNIFICATION OF THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT LAW." Pomorstvo, vol. 27, br. 1, 2013, str. 3-20. https://hrcak.srce.hr/103919. Citirano 05.08.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Vuković, Ante i Dejan Bodul. "CONTRIBUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA TO THE UNIFICATION OF THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT LAW." Pomorstvo 27, br. 1 (2013): 3-20. https://hrcak.srce.hr/103919
Harvard
Vuković, A., i Bodul, D. (2013). 'CONTRIBUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA TO THE UNIFICATION OF THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT LAW', Pomorstvo, 27(1), str. 3-20. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/103919 (Datum pristupa: 05.08.2021.)
Vancouver
Vuković A, Bodul D. CONTRIBUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA TO THE UNIFICATION OF THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT LAW. Pomorstvo [Internet]. 2013 [pristupljeno 05.08.2021.];27(1):3-20. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/103919
IEEE
A. Vuković i D. Bodul, "CONTRIBUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA TO THE UNIFICATION OF THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT LAW", Pomorstvo, vol.27, br. 1, str. 3-20, 2013. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/103919. [Citirano: 05.08.2021.]
Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (651 KB) str. 3-20 preuzimanja: 399* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Vuković, A. i Bodul, D. (2013). DOPRINOS SJEDINJENIH AMERIČKIH DRŽAVA UNIFIKACIJI MEĐUNARODNOG TRANSPORTNOG PRAVA. Pomorstvo, 27 (1), 3-20. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/103919
MLA 8th Edition
Vuković, Ante i Dejan Bodul. "DOPRINOS SJEDINJENIH AMERIČKIH DRŽAVA UNIFIKACIJI MEĐUNARODNOG TRANSPORTNOG PRAVA." Pomorstvo, vol. 27, br. 1, 2013, str. 3-20. https://hrcak.srce.hr/103919. Citirano 05.08.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Vuković, Ante i Dejan Bodul. "DOPRINOS SJEDINJENIH AMERIČKIH DRŽAVA UNIFIKACIJI MEĐUNARODNOG TRANSPORTNOG PRAVA." Pomorstvo 27, br. 1 (2013): 3-20. https://hrcak.srce.hr/103919
Harvard
Vuković, A., i Bodul, D. (2013). 'DOPRINOS SJEDINJENIH AMERIČKIH DRŽAVA UNIFIKACIJI MEĐUNARODNOG TRANSPORTNOG PRAVA', Pomorstvo, 27(1), str. 3-20. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/103919 (Datum pristupa: 05.08.2021.)
Vancouver
Vuković A, Bodul D. DOPRINOS SJEDINJENIH AMERIČKIH DRŽAVA UNIFIKACIJI MEĐUNARODNOG TRANSPORTNOG PRAVA. Pomorstvo [Internet]. 2013 [pristupljeno 05.08.2021.];27(1):3-20. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/103919
IEEE
A. Vuković i D. Bodul, "DOPRINOS SJEDINJENIH AMERIČKIH DRŽAVA UNIFIKACIJI MEĐUNARODNOG TRANSPORTNOG PRAVA", Pomorstvo, vol.27, br. 1, str. 3-20, 2013. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/103919. [Citirano: 05.08.2021.]

Sažetak
This paper attempts to answer the question of how the United States, through the centuries-old history of international conventions on the transport law (starting with the Convention on the International Transport of Goods by Rail, Bern, 1890 - CIM) actually contributed to the unification of the international transport law. The first international treaty of global importance that was ratified by the United States is the International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules of Lading, 1924 (The Hague Rules, 1924), for the transport of cargo by sea, that came into force on 2ndJuly 1931, while the last convention confirmed was the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules for the International Carriage by Air, Montreal, 1999 (Montreal Convention, 1999), that entered into force on 4th November 2003. Additional specifics of this Convention, actually the replacement for the long-term Warsaw Convention, 1929, was the fact that it is the only one governing the carriage of passengers and their baggage as well as cargo, while conventions referring to other means of transport do not regulate this part in the same, but have a separate contract for the carriage of passengers and their luggage and a special one for freight. In the period between the Hague Rules, 1924, and the Montreal Convention, 1999, (75 years), and even before and after that, the United States showed neither an excessive nor an expected interest in the unification of the international road, rail and inland waterways (lakes, rivers, canals) transport law. One of the main reasons is that the land conventions have primarily a regional rather than a universal character and therefore are not particularly interesting to the U.S.A.
On the basis of this study, it can be concluded that there are no rules in the behaviour of the U.S. in the adoption of certain conventions (treaties) in the field of international transport of passengers and their luggage and belongings. A further confirmation of this thesis can be found in the contribution of the United States in relation to the Rotterdam Rules, 2009, in the field of the transport of cargo by sea, because, despite the high expectations, it has not yet entered into force, since it lacks the ratification of the strongest global economic powers of the world in shipping (it was among the signatories in 2009 in Rotterdam under the auspices of the United Nations). On of the reasons for this unpredictability might be perhaps a very complex procedure for the ratification of international treaties in the U.S.A. which, if ratified, become a source of the federal law with a higher legal force than the state law regulations of a particular state.
One can therefore speak of the fact that the legislation of the United States accepts only the best from the rest of the world. Likewise, in the behaviour of the United States, we can identify their national pride because they firmly held to the rules that have been self-created through centuries and in which they deeply believe.

Ključne riječi
unification; transport; the U.S.A.; the Rotterdam Rules; the ratification process in the U.S.A

Hrčak ID: 103919

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/103919

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 1.215 *