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Antibiotic Prescription Rate for Upper Respiratory Tract Infections and Risks for Unnecessary Prescription in Croatia

Marija Vrca Botica ; University of Zagreb, School of Public Health »Andrija Štampar«, Department of Family Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia
Iva Botica ; University of Zagreb, University Hospital »Rebro«, Zagreb, Croa
Valerija Stamenić ; Ministry of Health and Social Welfare of the Republic of Croatia, Zagreb, Croatia
Arjana Tambić Andrašević ; University of Zagreb, University Hospital »Fran Mihaljević«, Department of Infectology, Zagreb, Croatia
Josipa Kern ; University of Zagreb, School of Public Health »Andrija Štampar«, Department of Family Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia
Stanislava Stojanović Špehar ; University of Zagreb, School of Public Health »Andrija Štampar«, Department of Family Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (113 KB) str. 449-454 preuzimanja: 387* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Vrca Botica, M., Botica, I., Stamenić, V., Tambić Andrašević, A., Kern, J. i Stojanović Špehar, S. (2013). Antibiotic Prescription Rate for Upper Respiratory Tract Infections and Risks for Unnecessary Prescription in Croatia. Collegium antropologicum, 37 (2), 449-454. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/104481
MLA 8th Edition
Vrca Botica, Marija, et al. "Antibiotic Prescription Rate for Upper Respiratory Tract Infections and Risks for Unnecessary Prescription in Croatia." Collegium antropologicum, vol. 37, br. 2, 2013, str. 449-454. https://hrcak.srce.hr/104481. Citirano 24.07.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Vrca Botica, Marija, Iva Botica, Valerija Stamenić, Arjana Tambić Andrašević, Josipa Kern i Stanislava Stojanović Špehar. "Antibiotic Prescription Rate for Upper Respiratory Tract Infections and Risks for Unnecessary Prescription in Croatia." Collegium antropologicum 37, br. 2 (2013): 449-454. https://hrcak.srce.hr/104481
Harvard
Vrca Botica, M., et al. (2013). 'Antibiotic Prescription Rate for Upper Respiratory Tract Infections and Risks for Unnecessary Prescription in Croatia', Collegium antropologicum, 37(2), str. 449-454. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/104481 (Datum pristupa: 24.07.2019.)
Vancouver
Vrca Botica M, Botica I, Stamenić V, Tambić Andrašević A, Kern J, Stojanović Špehar S. Antibiotic Prescription Rate for Upper Respiratory Tract Infections and Risks for Unnecessary Prescription in Croatia. Collegium antropologicum [Internet]. 2013 [pristupljeno 24.07.2019.];37(2):449-454. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/104481
IEEE
M. Vrca Botica, I. Botica, V. Stamenić, A. Tambić Andrašević, J. Kern i S. Stojanović Špehar, "Antibiotic Prescription Rate for Upper Respiratory Tract Infections and Risks for Unnecessary Prescription in Croatia", Collegium antropologicum, vol.37, br. 2, str. 449-454, 2013. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/104481. [Citirano: 24.07.2019.]

Sažetak
Overprescribing of antibiotics in primary care has been recognized as public health problem. We investigated visits prescription rate of antibiotics to patients with upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) and unnecessary prescribtion for tonsillopharyngitis, in Croatia. In prospective observational study in November 2007. 25 GPs in Croatia recorded all patients’ visits with URTI episode according ICPC-2. Clinical status of patients with tonsillopharyngitis were categorized
according to Centor Criteria. 689 visits were analysed, 82% of visits were initial. Antibiotics were prescribed in 44.7% visits with URTI. There were no significant differences in antibiotic prescription rates regarding non–clinical factors. Antibiotics were prescribed to patients with tonsillopharyngitis in 62.2% visits. Unnecessary antibiotics were prescribed (Centor 1,2) in 49.6% visits with tonsillopharyngitis. Logistic regression analysis showed significant differences in unnecessary antibiotic prescription rates only with respect to the workday – Wednesday, CI (1.117–2.671), p=0.0139. Leading antibiotic was amoxicillin + clavulonic acid, second was amoxicillin, the third were macrolides, the fourth was narrow spectrum penicillin and fifth were cephalosporins. This study shows over prescription for URTI. Unnecessary prescription for tonsillopharyngitis depend on non clinical factor – day of the week. This should be futher explored and
help to improved prescribe antibiotics.

Ključne riječi
antibiotics prescribing rate; unnecessary prescription; upper respiratory tract infections; general practitioners; Croatia

Hrčak ID: 104481

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/104481

Posjeta: 588 *