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Original scientific paper

GENETIC EVIDENCE ON THE ORIGIN OF THE CURRENT BEAVER (Castor fiber) POPULATION IN LOWER AUSTRIA

Matthias Kropf   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-9217-3560 ; Institute of Integrative Nature Conservation Research
Gerald Hölzler ; Institute of Wildlife Biology and Game Management, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria
Rosemarie Parz-Gollner ; Institute of Wildlife Biology and Game Management, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria

Fulltext: english, pdf (480 KB) pages 591-596 downloads: 454* cite
APA 6th Edition
Kropf, M., Hölzler, G. & Parz-Gollner, R. (2013). GENETIC EVIDENCE ON THE ORIGIN OF THE CURRENT BEAVER (Castor fiber) POPULATION IN LOWER AUSTRIA. Šumarski list, 137 (11-12), 591-596. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/112497
MLA 8th Edition
Kropf, Matthias, et al. "GENETIC EVIDENCE ON THE ORIGIN OF THE CURRENT BEAVER (Castor fiber) POPULATION IN LOWER AUSTRIA." Šumarski list, vol. 137, no. 11-12, 2013, pp. 591-596. https://hrcak.srce.hr/112497. Accessed 22 Jan. 2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Kropf, Matthias, Gerald Hölzler and Rosemarie Parz-Gollner. "GENETIC EVIDENCE ON THE ORIGIN OF THE CURRENT BEAVER (Castor fiber) POPULATION IN LOWER AUSTRIA." Šumarski list 137, no. 11-12 (2013): 591-596. https://hrcak.srce.hr/112497
Harvard
Kropf, M., Hölzler, G., and Parz-Gollner, R. (2013). 'GENETIC EVIDENCE ON THE ORIGIN OF THE CURRENT BEAVER (Castor fiber) POPULATION IN LOWER AUSTRIA', Šumarski list, 137(11-12), pp. 591-596. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/112497 (Accessed 22 January 2021)
Vancouver
Kropf M, Hölzler G, Parz-Gollner R. GENETIC EVIDENCE ON THE ORIGIN OF THE CURRENT BEAVER (Castor fiber) POPULATION IN LOWER AUSTRIA. Šumarski list [Internet]. 2013 [cited 2021 January 22];137(11-12):591-596. Available from: https://hrcak.srce.hr/112497
IEEE
M. Kropf, G. Hölzler and R. Parz-Gollner, "GENETIC EVIDENCE ON THE ORIGIN OF THE CURRENT BEAVER (Castor fiber) POPULATION IN LOWER AUSTRIA", Šumarski list, vol.137, no. 11-12, pp. 591-596, 2013. [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/112497. [Accessed: 22 January 2021]

Abstracts

Beside European beavers (Castor fiber) from Poland, Belarus and Sweden also individuals of C. canadensis have been released to the Austrian Danube watershed east of Vienna during the years 1976 and 1990. Based on reintroduction activities the Lower Austrian beaver population developed well to a current size of more than 3000 individuals. However, it remains ambiguous, which of the originally released animals account for this success. Here, we present mitochondrial (mt) DNA data to answer the questions whether C. canadensis is still traceable in Lower Austria and which intraspecific lineages of C. fiber are currently present?
Our Maximum Likelihood (ML) analysis based on 81 newly generated DNA sequences from the mitochondrial control region plus 30 reference beaver samples from the literature, revealed no evidence for the existence of C. canadensis in Lower Austria. With respect to C. fiber, three different intraspecific lineages (mainly corresponding to different subspecies) were identified. While the majority of samples represent either Scandinavian (subsp. fiber) or Central European beavers (likely C. f. albicus x belorussicus/orientoeuropaeus), one sample of C. f. pohlei was rather genetically distinct and unexpected from the documented reintroduction history. In addition, possible hybridisation among intraspecific beaver lineages is discussed, although the maternally inherited mtDNA analysed here did not give the ultimate answer to this question.

Keywords
Castor fiber; Danube; Lower Austria; mitochondrial control region; reintroduction

Hrčak ID: 112497

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/112497

[croatian]

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