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Sex Steroids: Beyond Conventional Dimorphism

Giagkos Lavranos ; National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Medical School, Department of Histology and Embryology, Athens, Greece
Roxani Angelopoulou ; National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Medical School, Department of Histology and Embryology, Athens, Greece
Panagiota Manolakou ; National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Medical School, Department of Histology and Embryology, Athens, Greece
Evangelia Katsiki ; National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Medical School, Department of Histology and Embryology, Athens, Greece

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (94 KB) str. 1027-1031 preuzimanja: 192* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Lavranos, G., Angelopoulou, R., Manolakou, P. i Katsiki, E. (2013). Sex Steroids: Beyond Conventional Dimorphism. Collegium antropologicum, 37 (3), 1027-1031. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/118327
MLA 8th Edition
Lavranos, Giagkos, et al. "Sex Steroids: Beyond Conventional Dimorphism." Collegium antropologicum, vol. 37, br. 3, 2013, str. 1027-1031. https://hrcak.srce.hr/118327. Citirano 18.09.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Lavranos, Giagkos, Roxani Angelopoulou, Panagiota Manolakou i Evangelia Katsiki. "Sex Steroids: Beyond Conventional Dimorphism." Collegium antropologicum 37, br. 3 (2013): 1027-1031. https://hrcak.srce.hr/118327
Harvard
Lavranos, G., et al. (2013). 'Sex Steroids: Beyond Conventional Dimorphism', Collegium antropologicum, 37(3), str. 1027-1031. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/118327 (Datum pristupa: 18.09.2020.)
Vancouver
Lavranos G, Angelopoulou R, Manolakou P, Katsiki E. Sex Steroids: Beyond Conventional Dimorphism. Collegium antropologicum [Internet]. 2013 [pristupljeno 18.09.2020.];37(3):1027-1031. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/118327
IEEE
G. Lavranos, R. Angelopoulou, P. Manolakou i E. Katsiki, "Sex Steroids: Beyond Conventional Dimorphism", Collegium antropologicum, vol.37, br. 3, str. 1027-1031, 2013. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/118327. [Citirano: 18.09.2020.]

Sažetak
Sexual dimorphism is a characteristic of a large number of species, ranging from lower invertebrates to mammals and, last but not least, humans. Recognition of the various factors regulating sexual dimorphism initial establishment (i.e. sex determination and differentiation) and subsequent life-long adaptation to distinct functional and behavioural patterns has remained a hot topic for several decades. As our understanding of the various molecular pathways involved in this process increases, the significant role of sex steroids becomes more evident. At the same time, the recognition of new sites of steroid production (e.g. parts of the brain) and aromatization, as well as new target cells (owing to the pro- posed presence of additional receptors to those classically considered as primary steroid receptors) has lead to the need to revisit their spectrum of actions within a novel, multifactorial context. Thus, anthropology and medicine are presented with the challenge to unravel a major mystery, i.e. that of sexual orientation and differentiation and its potential contri- bution in human evolution and civilization development, taking advantage of the high-tech research tools provided by modern biotechnology. This short review summarizes the basic principles of sex determination and sex steroid function as they have been classically described in the literature and then proceeds to present examples of how modern research methods have started to offer a new insight on the more subtle details of this process, stressing that it is extending to virtually every single part and system of the body.

Ključne riječi
androgens; aromatization; dimorphism; estrogens; sex determination; sex differentiation

Hrčak ID: 118327

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/118327

Posjeta: 321 *