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Pharmacotherapy of Suicidal Behaviour in Major Depression, Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder

Pavo Filaković ; »Josip Juraj Strossmayer« University, Clinical Hospital Centre Osijek, Psychiatric Clinic, Osijek, Croatia
Anamarija Petek Erić ; »Josip Juraj Strossmayer« University, Clinical Hospital Centre Osijek, Psychiatric Clinic, Osijek, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (100 KB) str. 1039-1044 preuzimanja: 312* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Filaković, P. i Petek Erić, A. (2013). Pharmacotherapy of Suicidal Behaviour in Major Depression, Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder. Collegium antropologicum, 37 (3), 1039-1044. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/118329
MLA 8th Edition
Filaković, Pavo i Anamarija Petek Erić. "Pharmacotherapy of Suicidal Behaviour in Major Depression, Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder." Collegium antropologicum, vol. 37, br. 3, 2013, str. 1039-1044. https://hrcak.srce.hr/118329. Citirano 18.09.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Filaković, Pavo i Anamarija Petek Erić. "Pharmacotherapy of Suicidal Behaviour in Major Depression, Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder." Collegium antropologicum 37, br. 3 (2013): 1039-1044. https://hrcak.srce.hr/118329
Harvard
Filaković, P., i Petek Erić, A. (2013). 'Pharmacotherapy of Suicidal Behaviour in Major Depression, Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder', Collegium antropologicum, 37(3), str. 1039-1044. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/118329 (Datum pristupa: 18.09.2020.)
Vancouver
Filaković P, Petek Erić A. Pharmacotherapy of Suicidal Behaviour in Major Depression, Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder. Collegium antropologicum [Internet]. 2013 [pristupljeno 18.09.2020.];37(3):1039-1044. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/118329
IEEE
P. Filaković i A. Petek Erić, "Pharmacotherapy of Suicidal Behaviour in Major Depression, Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder", Collegium antropologicum, vol.37, br. 3, str. 1039-1044, 2013. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/118329. [Citirano: 18.09.2020.]

Sažetak
The psychopathological dynamics in suicidality overcomes actual diagnostic distribution therefore pharmacotherapy has restricted role in overall prevention of suicidal behaviour among mentally ill and is demanding for clinician. This role is achieved through reduction and alleviation of suicidal risk with rational and individual pharmacotherapeutic approach emphasising effective, safe and tolerable treatment. The genetic and epigenetic factors, dysfunction of neuro- transmitter, neuroendocrine system and stress response system has been determining for neurobiology of suicidality. Therefore, pharmacotherapeutic approach should be focused, not only on prevention and reduction of suicidality, but ad- justed for general and diagnosis-specific risk factors. Suicidality represents trans-diagnostic issue, however making the correct diagnosis is of great importance. Identical group of psychiatric medications or even the same drug, could be palli- ating for suicidal behaviour in one diagnostic category and in other aggravating concerning suicidal ideations. Clini- cian should be reserved towards epidemiological studies about reducing suicidal rate due to increased consumption of antidepressants. Detailed data analysis showed there is no relevancy which antidepressants were given to specific pa- tient, in what age and phase of illness. The FDA has issued warnings about possible increased risk of suicidal behaviour in children and adolescents when given antidepressant therapy. In general, serotoninergic drugs have neutral or mildly protective effect on potential suicidal behaviour while noradrenergic drugs may have activating effect or could even worsen suicidal ideation in certain phase of the illness. When given in appropriate dose and the right time, dual or noradrenergic antidepressants, could also have good protective impact on specific patient. In patients with bipolar disor- der, antidepressive drug could be trigger for suicidal behaviour. Greater susceptibility when diagnosing bipolar disorder and broader usage of mood stablizing medications, alone or combined with other psychopharmacotherapy, has the sig- nificant role in suppression and elimination of suicidal behaviour. The lithium and sodium valproate are found to be particularly suitable for prevention and elimination of suicidal behaviour along with some other mood stabilizers. Phar- macohterapy of suicidality in patients with schizophrenia represents specific problem. Confirmed drug with anti-suici- dal effect, clozapine, is not first choice medication and does not represent general solution for suicidality in schizophrenia. For clinician, the pharmacotherapy of suicidal behaviour consists of skilled individual and rational drug administration accompanied with appropriate psychotherapeutic support.

Ključne riječi
pharmacotherapy; suicidal behaviour; major depression; schizophrenia; bipolar disorder

Hrčak ID: 118329

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/118329

Posjeta: 516 *