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Application of Prospect-Refuge Theory to the Example of Urban Parks

Margareta Jelić   ORCID icon ; Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb, Croatia
Matea Šeruga ; Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zagreb, Croatia
Igor Mikloušić ; Institute for Social Sciences "Ivo Pilar", Zagreb, Croatia

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (1 MB) str. 183-200 preuzimanja: 392* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Jelić, M., Šeruga, M. i Mikloušić, I. (2013). Provjera teorije vidik-zaklon na primjeru gradskih parkova. Socijalna ekologija, 22 (3), 183-200. Preuzeto s
MLA 8th Edition
Jelić, Margareta, et al. "Provjera teorije vidik-zaklon na primjeru gradskih parkova." Socijalna ekologija, vol. 22, br. 3, 2013, str. 183-200. Citirano 17.05.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Jelić, Margareta, Matea Šeruga i Igor Mikloušić. "Provjera teorije vidik-zaklon na primjeru gradskih parkova." Socijalna ekologija 22, br. 3 (2013): 183-200.
Jelić, M., Šeruga, M., i Mikloušić, I. (2013). 'Provjera teorije vidik-zaklon na primjeru gradskih parkova', Socijalna ekologija, 22(3), str. 183-200. Preuzeto s: (Datum pristupa: 17.05.2021.)
Jelić M, Šeruga M, Mikloušić I. Provjera teorije vidik-zaklon na primjeru gradskih parkova. Socijalna ekologija [Internet]. 2013 [pristupljeno 17.05.2021.];22(3):183-200. Dostupno na:
M. Jelić, M. Šeruga i I. Mikloušić, "Provjera teorije vidik-zaklon na primjeru gradskih parkova", Socijalna ekologija, vol.22, br. 3, str. 183-200, 2013. [Online]. Dostupno na: [Citirano: 17.05.2021.]

Prospect-refuge theory (Appleton, 1975) is based on the assumption that human aesthetic experience of landscape is the reflection of our preferences toward certain types of locations, which have evolved for survival. The theory predicts that those landscapes which combine unimpeded visual prospects (prospect-dominant areas) and opportunity for concealment (refuge-dominant areas) will be more attractive, more pleasant and safer.
The aim of this experimental research was to examine whether the addition of certain features related to prospect and refuge in the design of public spaces will affect the perception of attractiveness and pleasantness of those areas. Two public spaces were selected: urban park Bundek and urban park Maksimir, both located in Croatian capital Zagreb. The questionnaire consisted of 10 visual representations, modified so that each representation consisted of three photographs of the same area with different emphasis on one of the three features related to prospect and refuge (prospect, refuge and prospect-refuge). The survey was conducted via the internet and social networks. There were a total of 263 respondents. The respondents preferred the areas which contained prospect-refuge components in five representations, they preferred refuge components in four representations, and both prospect-refuge and refuge components in one representation. Based on these results, we conclude that the predictions of prospect-refuge theory are only partially confirmed.

Ključne riječi
design of urban parks; attractiveness of public spaces; prospect-refuge theory; landscape design

Hrčak ID: 118817


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