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Optimality Theory or Language in a Dodgeball Game

Mia Batinić ; Odjel za lingvistiku Sveučilišta u Zadru

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (661 KB) str. 1-33 preuzimanja: 323* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Batinić, M. (2014). Optimalnosna teorija ili kako se jezik (s)našao u igri između dvije vatre. Rasprave: Časopis Instituta za hrvatski jezik i jezikoslovlje, 40 (1), 1-33. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/128124
MLA 8th Edition
Batinić, Mia. "Optimalnosna teorija ili kako se jezik (s)našao u igri između dvije vatre." Rasprave: Časopis Instituta za hrvatski jezik i jezikoslovlje, vol. 40, br. 1, 2014, str. 1-33. https://hrcak.srce.hr/128124. Citirano 13.11.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Batinić, Mia. "Optimalnosna teorija ili kako se jezik (s)našao u igri između dvije vatre." Rasprave: Časopis Instituta za hrvatski jezik i jezikoslovlje 40, br. 1 (2014): 1-33. https://hrcak.srce.hr/128124
Harvard
Batinić, M. (2014). 'Optimalnosna teorija ili kako se jezik (s)našao u igri između dvije vatre', Rasprave: Časopis Instituta za hrvatski jezik i jezikoslovlje, 40(1), str. 1-33. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/128124 (Datum pristupa: 13.11.2019.)
Vancouver
Batinić M. Optimalnosna teorija ili kako se jezik (s)našao u igri između dvije vatre. Rasprave: Časopis Instituta za hrvatski jezik i jezikoslovlje [Internet]. 2014 [pristupljeno 13.11.2019.];40(1):1-33. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/128124
IEEE
M. Batinić, "Optimalnosna teorija ili kako se jezik (s)našao u igri između dvije vatre", Rasprave: Časopis Instituta za hrvatski jezik i jezikoslovlje, vol.40, br. 1, str. 1-33, 2014. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/128124. [Citirano: 13.11.2019.]

Sažetak
The aim of this paper is to present Optimality theory (OT), one of the most prominent contemporary linguistic theories developed in the 1990s by two phonologists Alan Prince and Paul Smolensky (1991/1993, 2004). In OT’s view language is in constant search for the optimal surface forms levelling between two types of conflicted demands on well-formedness. Although it is mainly concerned with phonological phenomena, its applicability to other linguistic areas has made it popular among linguists with different linguistic backgrounds and interests (cf. Boersma, Dekkers and Van der Weijer 2000: 1). OT’s typological character maybe had an even more important role for its success (cf. McCarthy 2002: 1). The paper deals with the motivation that stands behind it presenting the context of its development mostly with respect to the mainstream generative approach of the time and the Stampe’s Natural Phonology (1979), pointing out the differences (as well as similarities) between them. OT’s ideas and basic terms (constraints, markedness, faithfulness, optimality) as well as its architecture of grammar (generator, evaluator etc.) are discussed in the paper. The explanation of OT’s tableau with its symbols is given and finally elaborated in the analysis of two phonological phenomena: voicing assimilation in obstruent clusters in Croatian and devoicing of word final obstruents characteristic for the Kajkavian dialect, following Lombardi’s (1996, 1999) set of constraints that account for patterns of voicing assimilation and devoicing phenomena across languages.

Ključne riječi
optimality theory; linguistic theory; generative grammar; generative phonology; SPE; natural phonology; markedness; voicing; assimilation; devoicing; Croatian language; Kajkavian

Hrčak ID: 128124

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/128124

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 631 *