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A Chemical Equilibrium Model for the Carbonate System in Natural Waters

Frank J. Millero ; Division of Marine and Atmospheric Chemistry, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33149, USA
Rabindra N. Roy ; Chemistry Department, Drury College, Springfield, MO 65802, USA

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (42 MB) str. 1-38 preuzimanja: 369* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Millero, F.J. i Roy, R.N. (1997). A Chemical Equilibrium Model for the Carbonate System in Natural Waters. Croatica Chemica Acta, 70 (1), 1-38. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/134777
MLA 8th Edition
Millero, Frank J. i Rabindra N. Roy. "A Chemical Equilibrium Model for the Carbonate System in Natural Waters." Croatica Chemica Acta, vol. 70, br. 1, 1997, str. 1-38. https://hrcak.srce.hr/134777. Citirano 15.12.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Millero, Frank J. i Rabindra N. Roy. "A Chemical Equilibrium Model for the Carbonate System in Natural Waters." Croatica Chemica Acta 70, br. 1 (1997): 1-38. https://hrcak.srce.hr/134777
Harvard
Millero, F.J., i Roy, R.N. (1997). 'A Chemical Equilibrium Model for the Carbonate System in Natural Waters', Croatica Chemica Acta, 70(1), str. 1-38. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/134777 (Datum pristupa: 15.12.2019.)
Vancouver
Millero FJ, Roy RN. A Chemical Equilibrium Model for the Carbonate System in Natural Waters. Croatica Chemica Acta [Internet]. 1997 [pristupljeno 15.12.2019.];70(1):1-38. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/134777
IEEE
F.J. Millero i R.N. Roy, "A Chemical Equilibrium Model for the Carbonate System in Natural Waters", Croatica Chemica Acta, vol.70, br. 1, str. 1-38, 1997. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/134777. [Citirano: 15.12.2019.]

Sažetak
This paper describes a chemical equilibrium model which can be used to characterize the carbonate system in natural waters from 0 to 50 °C and high ionic strengths (6 mol L-1). The model considers the ionic interactions in solutions of the major sea salts (H—Na—K—Mg- -Ca-Sr-Cl-Br-0H-HC03-B(0H)4-HS04-S04-C03-C02-B(0H)3- -H2O). The estimated activity coefficients and infinite dilution constants have been used to determine the dissociation constants of all the adds (H2C03, B(OH)3, HgO, HF, HSO4, H3P04, H2S, NH| etc.) needed to examine the carbon dioxide system in natural waters. The model is largely based on measurements of dissociation constants in NaCl solutions with small amounts of Mg2+. The model predicts the activity coeffidents of HC1 in seawater that agree with the measured values to 0.002 from S = 5 to 45 and t = 0 to 50 °C. The model has also been used to examine the dissociation constants of acids in seawater to test its reliability. The calculated values of the dissociation constants for the ionization of carbonic and boric acids were found to be in good agreement (± 0.02 to + 0.03 in pJD with the experimental measurements in NaCl and seawater solutions from 5 to 45 °C and S = 10 to 45. The model predicts the dissociation constants of the minor acids with sufficient accuracy (±0.03 to ±0.06) to characterize the carbonate system in brines over a wide range of temperatures (0 to 50 °C) and ionic strength (0 to 6 mol L-1). These constants can be used to characterize the carbonate systems in natural brines using measurements of two carbonate parameters (pH-TA, pH, 7X302 etc.).

Hrčak ID: 134777

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/134777

Posjeta: 862 *