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Review article


Rade Kalanj ; Faculty of Philosophy, Zagreb

Fulltext: croatian, pdf (12 MB) pages 175-184 downloads: 151* cite
APA 6th Edition
Kalanj, R. (1994). RAZVOJ I PROBLEM SUBJEKTA. Socijalna ekologija, 3 (2), 175-184. Retrieved from
MLA 8th Edition
Kalanj, Rade. "RAZVOJ I PROBLEM SUBJEKTA." Socijalna ekologija, vol. 3, no. 2, 1994, pp. 175-184. Accessed 8 Aug. 2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Kalanj, Rade. "RAZVOJ I PROBLEM SUBJEKTA." Socijalna ekologija 3, no. 2 (1994): 175-184.
Kalanj, R. (1994). 'RAZVOJ I PROBLEM SUBJEKTA', Socijalna ekologija, 3(2), pp. 175-184. Available at: (Accessed 08 August 2020)
Kalanj R. RAZVOJ I PROBLEM SUBJEKTA. Socijalna ekologija [Internet]. 1994 [cited 2020 August 08];3(2):175-184. Available from:
R. Kalanj, "RAZVOJ I PROBLEM SUBJEKTA", Socijalna ekologija, vol.3, no. 2, pp. 175-184, 1994. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 08 August 2020]

Modern questioning of the development is re-actualising numerous fundamental concepts of the tradition of social sciences. The concept of the subject is taking the partiČcularly important place. This is the concept with which every verification of modern principles is starting and which is creatively implanted into formation of the progress and development of modern societies. Within the limits of the progrČess and development the subject is passing through a variety of changes: from individualism toward collectivism, from egoism to solidarity, from equality to freedom, from personal to group identity, from passive taking over of the patterns to social actiČvism etc. Modernity, grasped as a permanent development of the scientific and technical rationality, has brought about a kind of differentiating between the reason (rationalisation) and subject (subjectivation), between the rationalised hierarchy of power and denial of the power, between the system of rational and universal rules and searching for new identity of the subject. These two complementary and often opposed sides of modern deveČlopment are particularly expressed in ever growing gap between nature and culture. Modern ecological attempts tend to be overČcoming the gap and to be forming the subject as the actor of the development. In situations where the subject is not formed as a development actor, the creator of its own history, rationalising use of the nature is de-subjectivising the man and dangerously de-naturalising the social logic of the development.

actor; development; economics; evolution; interest; modernity; progress; subject; underdevelopment; world

Hrčak ID: 139404


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