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Certain medical problems resulting from evolutionary processes: bipedalism as an example

Ivor Janković   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0001-5175-6885 ; Institute for Anthropological Research, Gajeva 32, 10000, Zagreb, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (2 MB) str. 17-26 preuzimanja: 727* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Janković, I. (2015). Certain medical problems resulting from evolutionary processes: bipedalism as an example. Periodicum biologorum, 117 (1), 17-26. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/139482
MLA 8th Edition
Janković, Ivor. "Certain medical problems resulting from evolutionary processes: bipedalism as an example." Periodicum biologorum, vol. 117, br. 1, 2015, str. 17-26. https://hrcak.srce.hr/139482. Citirano 11.07.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Janković, Ivor. "Certain medical problems resulting from evolutionary processes: bipedalism as an example." Periodicum biologorum 117, br. 1 (2015): 17-26. https://hrcak.srce.hr/139482
Harvard
Janković, I. (2015). 'Certain medical problems resulting from evolutionary processes: bipedalism as an example', Periodicum biologorum, 117(1), str. 17-26. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/139482 (Datum pristupa: 11.07.2020.)
Vancouver
Janković I. Certain medical problems resulting from evolutionary processes: bipedalism as an example. Periodicum biologorum [Internet]. 2015 [pristupljeno 11.07.2020.];117(1):17-26. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/139482
IEEE
I. Janković, "Certain medical problems resulting from evolutionary processes: bipedalism as an example", Periodicum biologorum, vol.117, br. 1, str. 17-26, 2015. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/139482. [Citirano: 11.07.2020.]

Sažetak
Humans are primates, and as such, our overall anatomy is very similar
to that of other members of this biological order. Yet, there are numerous differences in certain anatomical regions of living humans when compared to our closest living relatives, the African great apes. Many of these, such as our extremely large brains compared to body size (even if all primates have relatively large brains), details in dental anatomy, and so on, appear at different times in our evolutionary past and within the tribe hominini. However, the first, and taxonomically most significant synapomorphy of the hominin clade is a change in locomotory mode, from that of a quadruped (presumably the ancestral state in last common ancestor (LCA) of humans and apes) to biped. In this paper, a brief overview is given of the most important anatomical challenges that these novel locomotory patterns required to be enegretically efficient, as seen in the comparison between living African apes and humans. Further, an overview of the fossil record, as related to the
issues raised, is given. Lastly, the importance of understanding evolutionary adaptations and changes for the medical profession is discussed.

Hrčak ID: 139482

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/139482

Posjeta: 926 *