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(Bio)ethicists and (Bio)ethical Expertise in National Ethical Advisory Bodies: Roles, Functions and Perceptions

Toni Pustovrh   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0001-8956-7123 ; University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Social Sciences, Kardeljeva pl. 5, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Franc Mali   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0001-9746-9531 ; University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Social Sciences, Kardeljeva pl. 5, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (109 KB) str. 47-69 preuzimanja: 407* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Pustovrh, T. i Mali, F. (2015). (Bio)ethicists and (Bio)ethical Expertise in National Ethical Advisory Bodies: Roles, Functions and Perceptions. Prolegomena, 14 (1), 47-69. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/141861
MLA 8th Edition
Pustovrh, Toni i Franc Mali. "(Bio)ethicists and (Bio)ethical Expertise in National Ethical Advisory Bodies: Roles, Functions and Perceptions." Prolegomena, vol. 14, br. 1, 2015, str. 47-69. https://hrcak.srce.hr/141861. Citirano 13.12.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Pustovrh, Toni i Franc Mali. "(Bio)ethicists and (Bio)ethical Expertise in National Ethical Advisory Bodies: Roles, Functions and Perceptions." Prolegomena 14, br. 1 (2015): 47-69. https://hrcak.srce.hr/141861
Harvard
Pustovrh, T., i Mali, F. (2015). '(Bio)ethicists and (Bio)ethical Expertise in National Ethical Advisory Bodies: Roles, Functions and Perceptions', Prolegomena, 14(1), str. 47-69. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/141861 (Datum pristupa: 13.12.2019.)
Vancouver
Pustovrh T, Mali F. (Bio)ethicists and (Bio)ethical Expertise in National Ethical Advisory Bodies: Roles, Functions and Perceptions. Prolegomena [Internet]. 2015 [pristupljeno 13.12.2019.];14(1):47-69. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/141861
IEEE
T. Pustovrh i F. Mali, "(Bio)ethicists and (Bio)ethical Expertise in National Ethical Advisory Bodies: Roles, Functions and Perceptions", Prolegomena, vol.14, br. 1, str. 47-69, 2015. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/141861. [Citirano: 13.12.2019.]

Sažetak
Over the past decades, (bio)ethical expertise has been gaining considerable influence in decision-making processes on various levels, but the nature and role of bioethical expertise and experts has only rarely been subject to empirical investigation in institutional contexts. One of the characteristics of modern (bio)ethics is its “empirical” and “policy” turn, which has led to the formation of institutions that were given the remit to provide political decision-makers with ethical advice on dealing with contentious developments in new and emerging sciences and technologies. In Europe, such national Ethical Advisory Bodies (EABs) have become a key mechanism in the legitimization of contested sociopolitical decisions. (Bio)ethicists can be seen as important experts in the workings of such institutions, but the role and function of (bio)ethical expertise and (bio)ethicists have so far not been systematically investigated in European national EABs. The present article thus tackles some of the theoretical and practical questions concerning ethicists and ethics in the context of EABs by combining theoretical reflection with empirical investigation. The first part provides a brief sketch of the development of modern (bio)ethics and its institutionalization in various expert bodies, especially EABs at the national level in Europe. The second part explores theoretical questions relating to the notion of ethical and moral expertise, as well as the attributes that ethicists should possess in order to be able to perform the role of experts in ethics within EABs. The third part compares theory to practice by examining the results of a survey conducted among European national EABs on how ethicists and ethical expertise are actually perceived by EABs and what functions they perform in such institutions.

Ključne riječi
Bioethics; ethical advisory bodies; ethical expertise; ethicists; experts; moral expertise; national ethics committees

Projekti
EC / FP7 / 266660 / EPOCH - Ethics in Public Policy Making: The Case of Human Enhancement

Hrčak ID: 141861

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/141861

Posjeta: 572 *