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Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Evaluate Neoadjuvant Therapy Effects on Rectal Carcinoma

Amela Sofić   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-1577-1006 ; Clinical Department of Radiology, Sarajevo University Clinical Center, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Zora Vukobrat-Bijedić ; Clinical Department of Gastroenterohepatology, Sarajevo University Clinical Center, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Azra Husić-Selimović ; Clinical Department of Gastroenterohepatology, Sarajevo University Clinical Center, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Nedžad Šehović ; Clinical Department of Oncologic Surgery, Sarajevo University Clinical Center, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Deniz Bulja ; Clinical Department of Radiology, Sarajevo University Clinical Center, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Dženana Eminagić ; Clinical Department of Oncology and Radiotherapy, Sarajevo University Clinical Center, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Maja Banjin ; Clinical Department of Oncology and Radiotherapy, Sarajevo University Clinical Center, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Aleksandra Đuran ; Department of Clinical Pathology, Sarajevo University Clinical Center, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (495 KB) str. 303-307 preuzimanja: 317* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Sofić, A., Vukobrat-Bijedić, Z., Husić-Selimović, A., Šehović, N., Bulja, D., Eminagić, Dž., ... Đuran, A. (2015). Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Evaluate Neoadjuvant Therapy Effects on Rectal Carcinoma. Acta clinica Croatica, 54. (3.), 303-307. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/148878
MLA 8th Edition
Sofić, Amela, et al. "Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Evaluate Neoadjuvant Therapy Effects on Rectal Carcinoma." Acta clinica Croatica, vol. 54., br. 3., 2015, str. 303-307. https://hrcak.srce.hr/148878. Citirano 28.09.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Sofić, Amela, Zora Vukobrat-Bijedić, Azra Husić-Selimović, Nedžad Šehović, Deniz Bulja, Dženana Eminagić, Maja Banjin i Aleksandra Đuran. "Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Evaluate Neoadjuvant Therapy Effects on Rectal Carcinoma." Acta clinica Croatica 54., br. 3. (2015): 303-307. https://hrcak.srce.hr/148878
Harvard
Sofić, A., et al. (2015). 'Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Evaluate Neoadjuvant Therapy Effects on Rectal Carcinoma', Acta clinica Croatica, 54.(3.), str. 303-307. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/148878 (Datum pristupa: 28.09.2021.)
Vancouver
Sofić A, Vukobrat-Bijedić Z, Husić-Selimović A, Šehović N, Bulja D, Eminagić Dž i sur. Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Evaluate Neoadjuvant Therapy Effects on Rectal Carcinoma. Acta clinica Croatica [Internet]. 2015 [pristupljeno 28.09.2021.];54.(3.):303-307. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/148878
IEEE
A. Sofić, et al., "Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Evaluate Neoadjuvant Therapy Effects on Rectal Carcinoma", Acta clinica Croatica, vol.54., br. 3., str. 303-307, 2015. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/148878. [Citirano: 28.09.2021.]

Sažetak
Although total mesorectal excision reduces the local recurrence rate in comparison to other surgical approaches, the occurrence of local relapse is still common, especially in cases when there is malignant infiltration of the circumferential resection margin. Mesorectal fascia is an important prognostic and diagnostic factor and it may be argued that mesorectal fascia represents the circumferential resection margin if total mesorectal excision is used as a surgical approach. Tumor infiltration of mesorectal fascia warrants preoperative neoadjuvant therapy in order to reduce the risk of tumor relapse. The aim of this study was to show the importance of high-resolution phased-array magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as a modality of choice in preoperative evaluation of the effects of neoadjuvant therapy on locally advanced rectal carcinoma. This prospective comparative study included 51 patients with locally advanced rectal carcinoma that infiltrated mesorectal fascia. All study patients underwent MRI scanning twice, i.e. before and after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy.
MRI results before and after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy were compared to evaluate regression of tumor length and regression of tumor infiltration of mesorectal fascia. Gender distribution of 51 patients with rectal carcinoma subjected to neoadjuvant therapy was equal, and their average age was 51 (32-81) years. MRI results showed tumor regression from mesorectal fascia following chemoradiotherapy in 36 (70.5%) cases, and Wilcoxon test showed significant differences between pretherapeutic and post-treatment MRI findings (Z=-3.162, p=0.002) in the sense of regression of tumor infiltration of mesorectal fascia. In 41 (80.3%) cases there was a reduction of tumor length, where Wilcoxon test showed differences between pretherapeutic and post-treatment MRI findings (Z=-2.754, p=0.006) in the sense of tumor length reduction. The mean pretherapeutic tumor length was 5.4 (2.3-15) cm. The mean reduction of tumor length following chemoradiotherapy was 3.56 (0.3-4.1) cm. In all 36 patients that had tumor-free mesorectal fascia following surgical treatment, the post-treatment MRI results were confirmed by histopathology. In conclusion, MRI is important for evaluation of tumor infiltration of mesorectal fascia, and is useful on patient selection for appropriate treatment for rectal carcinoma. MRI reliably evaluates the effects of neoadjuvant therapy, which contributes to better outcome of treatment for this disease.

Ključne riječi
Rectal carcinoma – therapy; Magnetic resonance imaging; Neoadjuvant therapy

Hrčak ID: 148878

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/148878

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 1.244 *