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Giovanni Vendramin and Illuminated Incunables in the Conventual Franciscan Monastery at Šibenik

Bojan Goja ; Republic of Croatia, Ministry of Cullture, Conservation Department in Zadar

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (3 MB) str. 115-126 preuzimanja: 357* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Goja, B. (2015). Giovanni Vendramin i iluminacije u inkunabulama samostana Sv. Frane u Šibeniku. Ars Adriatica, (5), 115-126. Preuzeto s
MLA 8th Edition
Goja, Bojan. "Giovanni Vendramin i iluminacije u inkunabulama samostana Sv. Frane u Šibeniku." Ars Adriatica, vol. , br. 5, 2015, str. 115-126. Citirano 11.07.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Goja, Bojan. "Giovanni Vendramin i iluminacije u inkunabulama samostana Sv. Frane u Šibeniku." Ars Adriatica , br. 5 (2015): 115-126.
Goja, B. (2015). 'Giovanni Vendramin i iluminacije u inkunabulama samostana Sv. Frane u Šibeniku', Ars Adriatica, (5), str. 115-126. Preuzeto s: (Datum pristupa: 11.07.2020.)
Goja B. Giovanni Vendramin i iluminacije u inkunabulama samostana Sv. Frane u Šibeniku. Ars Adriatica [Internet]. 2015 [pristupljeno 11.07.2020.];(5):115-126. Dostupno na:
B. Goja, "Giovanni Vendramin i iluminacije u inkunabulama samostana Sv. Frane u Šibeniku", Ars Adriatica, vol., br. 5, str. 115-126, 2015. [Online]. Dostupno na: [Citirano: 11.07.2020.]

The article analyses the illuminations of two incunables
which are housed in the monastery of St Francis at
Šibenik. The front page of the incunable of John Duns
Scotus’ Scriptum in quattuor libros Sententiarum Petri
Lombardi (Johannes de Colonia et Johannes Manthen,
Venice, 1477) is decorated with high-quality figural and
phytomorphic illuminations. In the corners of the decorative
frame in the upper margin are the figures of a heron
and a monkey. Vertical sections of the frame are filled
with flowers, leaves and berries in the colour blue, green
and cyclamen pink and with numerous stylized golden
burdock flowers (Arctium). The central part of the frame
in the upper and lower margin is filled with dense, symmetrically
placed thick leaves in the colour blue, green,
purple and cyclamen pink with a stylized golden burdock
flower (Arctium) appearing here and there. In the centre
of the page is a crest composed of two fields separated
by a horizontal line; the upper on is red and the lower
one white. Two winged putti are set in the corners and
they hold red ribbons. Each wears a necklace made of
red corals and classical sandals on their feet. They landscape
around them is arid and there is only one tree, its
bark dry, standing in it. The rocky ground with jagged
edges is covered in small stones. The distinctly painted
winged putti, the depiction of the landscape and the
dense vegetal decoration filling the frame in the upper
and lower margin demonstrate noticeable similarities
with the works of Giovanni Vendramin, a prominent
representative of Paduan Renaissance miniature. The
front page of the aforementioned incunable at Šibenik
can be attributed to him; he may well have been helped
by his workshop and collaborators. First and foremost, it
ought to be mentioned that the decorative frame on one
of the opening pages (c. 4v) in an Antiphonary at Ferrara
features identical type of leaf decoration as the one
that fills the upper and lower margin in the incunable at
Šibenik. Here too, the playful putti wear classical sandals
and necklaces made of red coral. Furthermore, putti with
identical physiohnomies – wearing coral necklaces and
classical sandals while holding ribbons in their hands –
can be found on fol. 2r in the incunable of Marcus Tullius
Cicero’s Orationes (Venice, Christophorus Valdarfer,
1471, Philadelphia, The Rosenbach Museum and Library,
Inc 471ci). The landscape in which the putti are depicted
is also arid and marked by a single dry tree rising from
the ground covered with small stones. Identical putti can
be seen on the cover of the incunable of Marcus Tullius
Cicero’s, Tusculanae Quaestiones (Venice, N. Jenson,
1472, London, British Library, C.1c.10, fol. 1). The
landscape is also depicted in the same way. An excellent
comparative example can be found in the winged putti
standing on an all’antica structure on the cover of the
manuscript of Jacopo Camphora’s, De immortalitate animae
(London, Brittish Library, MS Add. 22325) which is
decorated with architectural forms. The left and the upper
margins of the opening pages of Book I and Book III
of Gaius Julius Caesar’s Commentariorvm de bello Gallico
(Milan, Antonius Zarotus, 1477) are decorated with
frames filled with white vine scrolls on red, green and
blue background with white dots. The decoration extends
beyond the ornamental frames and reaches into the gold
initials G and C. Although the decorative frames were
not completely finished, it can be ascertained that they
were made with great skill and are of high quality. This
frame type was frequently used by Giovanni Vendramin
and the examples from Šibenik are very close to some
of his works, especially those made for Jacopo Zeno, the

Ključne riječi
Giovanni Vendramin; Padua; illumination; incunables; monastery of St Francis; Šibenik

Hrčak ID: 149676



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