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Osteoprotegerin and Vascular Calcification: Clinical and Prognostic Relevance

Sandra Makarovic ; Clinical Department of Cardiovascular Disease and Intensive Care, School of Medicine Osijek, Josip Juraj Strossmayer Osijek, Osijek, Croatia
Zorin Makarović ; Clinical Department of Cardiovascular Disease and Intensive Care, School of Medicine Osijek, Josip Juraj Strossmayer Osijek, Osijek, Croatia
Ivan Mihaljević ; Clinical Department of Cardiovascular Disease and Intensive Care, School of Medicine Osijek, Josip Juraj Strossmayer Osijek, Osijek, Croatia
Robert Steiner ; Clinical Department of Cardiovascular Disease and Intensive Care, School of Medicine Osijek, Josip Juraj Strossmayer Osijek, Osijek, Croatia
Jasminka Milas-Ahić ; Clinical Department of Cardiovascular Disease and Intensive Care, School of Medicine Osijek, Josip Juraj Strossmayer Osijek, Osijek, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (267 KB) str. 461-468 preuzimanja: 104* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Makarovic, S., Makarović, Z., Mihaljević, I., Steiner, R. i Milas-Ahić, J. (2015). Osteoprotegerin and Vascular Calcification: Clinical and Prognostic Relevance. Collegium antropologicum, 39 (2), 461-468. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/166104
MLA 8th Edition
Makarovic, Sandra, et al. "Osteoprotegerin and Vascular Calcification: Clinical and Prognostic Relevance." Collegium antropologicum, vol. 39, br. 2, 2015, str. 461-468. https://hrcak.srce.hr/166104. Citirano 31.03.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Makarovic, Sandra, Zorin Makarović, Ivan Mihaljević, Robert Steiner i Jasminka Milas-Ahić. "Osteoprotegerin and Vascular Calcification: Clinical and Prognostic Relevance." Collegium antropologicum 39, br. 2 (2015): 461-468. https://hrcak.srce.hr/166104
Harvard
Makarovic, S., et al. (2015). 'Osteoprotegerin and Vascular Calcification: Clinical and Prognostic Relevance', Collegium antropologicum, 39(2), str. 461-468. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/166104 (Datum pristupa: 31.03.2020.)
Vancouver
Makarovic S, Makarović Z, Mihaljević I, Steiner R, Milas-Ahić J. Osteoprotegerin and Vascular Calcification: Clinical and Prognostic Relevance. Collegium antropologicum [Internet]. 2015 [pristupljeno 31.03.2020.];39(2):461-468. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/166104
IEEE
S. Makarovic, Z. Makarović, I. Mihaljević, R. Steiner i J. Milas-Ahić, "Osteoprotegerin and Vascular Calcification: Clinical and Prognostic Relevance", Collegium antropologicum, vol.39, br. 2, str. 461-468, 2015. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/166104. [Citirano: 31.03.2020.]

Sažetak
Osteoprotegerin ( OPG ) is a key regulator in bone metabolism, that also has effect in vascular system. Studies suggest that osteoprotegerin is a critical arterial calcification inhibitor, and is released by endothelial cells as a protective mechanism for their survival in certain pathological conditions, such as diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, and other metabolic disorders. That has been shown in studies in vitro and in animal models. The discovery that OPG deficient mice (OPG-/- mice) develop severe osteoporosis and arterial calcification, has led to conclusion that osteoprotegerin might be mulecule linking vascular and bone system. Paradoxically however, clinical trials have shown recently that OPG serum levels is increased in coronary artery disease and correlates with its severity, ischemic cardial decompensation, and future cardiovascular events. Therefore it is possible that osteoprotegerin could have a new function as a potential biomarker in early identification and monitoring patients with cardiovascular disease. Amongst that osteoprotegerin is in association with well known atherosclerosis risc factors: undoubtedly it is proven its relationship with age, smoking and diabetes mellitus. There is evidence regarding presence of hyperlipoproteinemia and increased serum levels of osteoprotegerin. Also the researches have been directed in genetic level, linking certain single nucleotid genetic polymorphisms of osteoprotegerin and vascular calcification appearance. This review emphasises multifactorial role of OPG, presenting numerous clinical and experimental stydies regarding its role in vascular pathology, suggesting a novel biomarker in cardiovascular diseases, showing latest conclusions about this interesting topic that needs to be further explored.

Ključne riječi
osteoprotegerin; vascular calcification; coronary artery disease; bone system; vascular system; atherosclerosis; biomarker

Hrčak ID: 166104

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/166104

Posjeta: 188 *