hrcak mascot   Srce   HID

Izvorni znanstveni članak

Guide to Dalmatia: De Traux's Description from 1805

Andrej Žmegač   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-1270-7017 ; Institute of Art History, Zagreb

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (3 MB) str. 199-208 preuzimanja: 169* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Žmegač, A. (2016). Guide to Dalmatia: De Traux's Description from 1805. Ars Adriatica, (6), 199-208. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/170921
MLA 8th Edition
Žmegač, Andrej. "Guide to Dalmatia: De Traux's Description from 1805." Ars Adriatica, vol. , br. 6, 2016, str. 199-208. https://hrcak.srce.hr/170921. Citirano 19.02.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Žmegač, Andrej. "Guide to Dalmatia: De Traux's Description from 1805." Ars Adriatica , br. 6 (2016): 199-208. https://hrcak.srce.hr/170921
Harvard
Žmegač, A. (2016). 'Guide to Dalmatia: De Traux's Description from 1805', Ars Adriatica, (6), str. 199-208. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/170921 (Datum pristupa: 19.02.2020.)
Vancouver
Žmegač A. Guide to Dalmatia: De Traux's Description from 1805. Ars Adriatica [Internet]. 2016 [pristupljeno 19.02.2020.];(6):199-208. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/170921
IEEE
A. Žmegač, "Guide to Dalmatia: De Traux's Description from 1805", Ars Adriatica, vol., br. 6, str. 199-208, 2016. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/170921. [Citirano: 19.02.2020.]
Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (3 MB) str. 199-208 preuzimanja: 546* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Žmegač, A. (2016). Priručnik za Dalmaciju: De Trauxov opis iz 1805.. Ars Adriatica, (6), 199-208. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/170921
MLA 8th Edition
Žmegač, Andrej. "Priručnik za Dalmaciju: De Trauxov opis iz 1805.." Ars Adriatica, vol. , br. 6, 2016, str. 199-208. https://hrcak.srce.hr/170921. Citirano 19.02.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Žmegač, Andrej. "Priručnik za Dalmaciju: De Trauxov opis iz 1805.." Ars Adriatica , br. 6 (2016): 199-208. https://hrcak.srce.hr/170921
Harvard
Žmegač, A. (2016). 'Priručnik za Dalmaciju: De Trauxov opis iz 1805.', Ars Adriatica, (6), str. 199-208. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/170921 (Datum pristupa: 19.02.2020.)
Vancouver
Žmegač A. Priručnik za Dalmaciju: De Trauxov opis iz 1805.. Ars Adriatica [Internet]. 2016 [pristupljeno 19.02.2020.];(6):199-208. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/170921
IEEE
A. Žmegač, "Priručnik za Dalmaciju: De Trauxov opis iz 1805.", Ars Adriatica, vol., br. 6, str. 199-208, 2016. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/170921. [Citirano: 19.02.2020.]

Sažetak
Maximilian De Traux (1766-1817) was an engineering
officer in the Austrian army. In 1803, he became the head
of the engineering administration in Zadar, in which role
he travelled all over Dalmatia during the following two
years, gaining a solid knowledge of the region. In 1805,
he produced a description of the land, nowadays preserved
at the National Library of Serbia in Belgrade. It
was published under a somewhat clumsy title Festungen
Dalmatiens und Albaniens nebst vorliegenden Inseln, und
Beschreibung (Fortifications of Dalmatia and Albania, as
well as the neighbouring islands, and their description)
and dedicated to Johann, Archduke of Austria, but in
fact it was intended for the Austrian ruling house in general,
in order to help them govern the lands which had
come into their possession only a few years before. The
book consists of two parts: textual and illustrative, the
latter including 29 figures.
In the textual part, De Traux largely focuses on the
state of Dalmatian fortifications, including mainland settlements
and those on the islands. He then describes the
geography of the area and the communication lines with
regard to the defence potential and the need of investing
in the construction of new fortifications. The population
is described in the tradition of Alberto Fortis, whereby
he distinguishes between two types: the urban inhabitants,
which resemble the Italians in all aspects, and those
of the hinterland, the so-called Morlacs. He also describes
“Albania”, the area around Boka Kotorska, previously
governed by the Venetian Republic under the name
of Albania Veneta. In this section he addresses, among
other things, the problem of the Orthodox population,
arguing that it would be beneficial to appoint a separate
Orthodox bishop (episkopos) for “Albania” and that the
Orthodox will never be loyal subjects to a Catholic monarch
as their religion creates a state within the state.
The illustrative section of De Traux’s report includes
ground plans of various fortifications and maps of Dalmatia,
the Kvarner Islands, and “Albania”. At the very beginning,
there are separate illustrations, with a particular
focus on Sanmicheli’s Land Gate. It was given a special
place in the report and, although it was still a part of the
fortification belt and played a role in communication and
defence, De Traux did not waste a word on that aspect,
commenting instead on its symbolic role as an entrance
to the main Venetian city of Dalmatia.
De Traux’s booklet is rather small (11x19 cm) and
thus the author calls it “a pocketbook” (Taschenbuch).
This can be explained by its aim: it had to be handy and
easy to use by its addressee, Archduke Johann, and this
aspect was obviously more important than a possible
representative character. Because of the size, De Traux’s
ground plans had to be limited in the number of details
in order to remain clear, which resulted in unusually effective
and suggestive depictions.

Ključne riječi
fortifications; Austria; Dalmatia; Boka Kotorska; Zadar; Maximilian De Traux

Hrčak ID: 170921

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/170921

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 934 *