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The Travelogue Lacroma, Work of Stephanie, Crown Princess of Austria, and Anton Perko, Seascape Painter at the Court

Sanja Žaja Vrbica ; Department of Art and Restoration, University of Dubrovnik

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (3 MB) str. 219-230 preuzimanja: 251* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Žaja Vrbica, S. (2016). The Travelogue Lacroma, Work of Stephanie, Crown Princess of Austria, and Anton Perko, Seascape Painter at the Court. Ars Adriatica, (6), 219-230. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/170926
MLA 8th Edition
Žaja Vrbica, Sanja. "The Travelogue Lacroma, Work of Stephanie, Crown Princess of Austria, and Anton Perko, Seascape Painter at the Court." Ars Adriatica, vol. , br. 6, 2016, str. 219-230. https://hrcak.srce.hr/170926. Citirano 15.08.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Žaja Vrbica, Sanja. "The Travelogue Lacroma, Work of Stephanie, Crown Princess of Austria, and Anton Perko, Seascape Painter at the Court." Ars Adriatica , br. 6 (2016): 219-230. https://hrcak.srce.hr/170926
Harvard
Žaja Vrbica, S. (2016). 'The Travelogue Lacroma, Work of Stephanie, Crown Princess of Austria, and Anton Perko, Seascape Painter at the Court', Ars Adriatica, (6), str. 219-230. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/170926 (Datum pristupa: 15.08.2020.)
Vancouver
Žaja Vrbica S. The Travelogue Lacroma, Work of Stephanie, Crown Princess of Austria, and Anton Perko, Seascape Painter at the Court. Ars Adriatica [Internet]. 2016 [pristupljeno 15.08.2020.];(6):219-230. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/170926
IEEE
S. Žaja Vrbica, "The Travelogue Lacroma, Work of Stephanie, Crown Princess of Austria, and Anton Perko, Seascape Painter at the Court", Ars Adriatica, vol., br. 6, str. 219-230, 2016. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/170926. [Citirano: 15.08.2020.]
Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (3 MB) str. 219-230 preuzimanja: 592* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Žaja Vrbica, S. (2016). Putopis Lacroma krunske princeze udove Stephanie i dvorskog marinista Antona Perka. Ars Adriatica, (6), 219-230. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/170926
MLA 8th Edition
Žaja Vrbica, Sanja. "Putopis Lacroma krunske princeze udove Stephanie i dvorskog marinista Antona Perka." Ars Adriatica, vol. , br. 6, 2016, str. 219-230. https://hrcak.srce.hr/170926. Citirano 15.08.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Žaja Vrbica, Sanja. "Putopis Lacroma krunske princeze udove Stephanie i dvorskog marinista Antona Perka." Ars Adriatica , br. 6 (2016): 219-230. https://hrcak.srce.hr/170926
Harvard
Žaja Vrbica, S. (2016). 'Putopis Lacroma krunske princeze udove Stephanie i dvorskog marinista Antona Perka', Ars Adriatica, (6), str. 219-230. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/170926 (Datum pristupa: 15.08.2020.)
Vancouver
Žaja Vrbica S. Putopis Lacroma krunske princeze udove Stephanie i dvorskog marinista Antona Perka. Ars Adriatica [Internet]. 2016 [pristupljeno 15.08.2020.];(6):219-230. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/170926
IEEE
S. Žaja Vrbica, "Putopis Lacroma krunske princeze udove Stephanie i dvorskog marinista Antona Perka", Ars Adriatica, vol., br. 6, str. 219-230, 2016. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/170926. [Citirano: 15.08.2020.]

Sažetak
Among the numerous travelogues describing southern
Dalmatia, Dubrovnik, and its surroundings, the booklet
called Lacroma merits special attention. Its author was
the widowed Crown Princess Stephanie (1864-1945) and
the illustrations were provided by Anton Perko, seascape
painter at the court and the former governor of Lokrum.
The first edition was published in 1892 in German, followed
by an Italian one five years later. This article focuses
on the first, German edition. Painter Anton Perko
(1833-1905) stayed on the island of Lokrum from January
1879 until the beginning of 1881, with minor absences.
The following year, he spent the entire winter on the
island, and when the princely couple moved to Vienna,
he also moved there in 1883. After the Mayerling drama,
when Rudolf and his young mistress Marie Vetsera were
found dead under mysterious circumstances, Perko’s life
changed as well, yet he remained in the service of the
widowed princess until 1896, when he retired. Anton
Perko did not write an autobiography, but his important
position in the royal household is evident from the fact
that Stephanie and her daughter took care of his widow
after his death in 1905.
In 1892, a volume on Dalmatia was published as part
of the complex work Die österreichisch-ungarische Monarchie
in Wort und Bild, initiated by Prince Rudolf and
continued by his widow Stephanie, which must have also
inspired her to write a separate book on Lokrum with
its rich historical, cultural, and natural heritage. Her description
of Lokrum is intended for future tourists, potential
visitors from the north, and introduces the reader
to this insular Arcadia with descriptions of its position in
southern Dalmatia and Dubrovnik, after which she turns
to the history of Lokrum and its monuments, with reference
to two written sources: the Apendius chronicle and
the Memorie storiche sull’isola Lacroma, published in Vienna
in 1861. Illustrations by Anton Perko are completely
subjected to the text, eternalizing scenes described by
Princess Stephanie and faithfully presenting the details
that intrigued the author. The German version of Lacroma
was published shortly before the end of Perko’s active
life, spent largely next to the Crown Prince and his
wife. It may thus be understood as a sort of sublimation
for his work as the court secretary and painter. Sketches
for the nineteen illustrations in the Lokrum booklet were
probably made in the previous decades, while Perko was
still the governor of the island. Among his works donated
to the libraries of Dubrovnik, there are three drawing
folders of small dimensions titled Lacroma and dated to
1879 and 1880 respectively, as well as a number of drawings
and watercolours showing Lokrum’s landscapes. As
a passionate sketcher, Perko must have made a far larger
number of drawings on the island, but they must have
been acquired by Stephanie after his death, which is why
the Dubrovnik collection possesses only a small segment
of his oeuvre. With its historical overview, descriptions
of architecture and vegetation, and especially the
contemporary details, this travelogue offers a precious
insight into the appearance and life of the island in the
19th century. Especially valuable details include those referring
to the interior of the summerhouse, inscriptions
on the walls of the monastery, and Maximilian’s poetry,
which Stephanie recorded preserving it from oblivion
and making it available for a wider audience. Perko’s illustrations
carefully follow the text, completely subjecting
themselves to the author’s tone and introducing us
to the solitude of island vistas and their hidden beauty in
the conservative artistic tradition of the late 19th century.
The painter has drawn with utter precision the architecture
and the vistas of the island, the imperial residence,
and the coastline, including the rare inhabitants in the
serene solitude of their isolation, in the spirit of Austro-
Hungarian Orientalism that he adhered to, yet he also
gave us an image of the island that is nowadays almost
unrecognizable owing to the rich vegetation. This paper
analysis the textual and visual segments of the travelogue
and their contribution to our knowledge of the island’s
recent history, including the imperial residence and the
natural resources.

Ključne riječi
Crown Princess Stephanie; painter Anton Perko; Lokrum; Dubrovnik; summerhouse of the Habsburg family

Hrčak ID: 170926

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/170926

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 1.145 *