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Original scientific paper

MIDDLE-AGED FEMALE DEPRESSION IN PERIMENOPAUSAL PERIOD AND SQUARE DANCE INTERVENTION

Lei Gao ; Department of Orthopaedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China
Linlin Zhang ; Department of Orthopaedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China
Hua Qi ; Department of Orthopaedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China
Louyis Petridis ; YONDONG Medical Rescue Center for IATTE Group, Wanchai, Hong Kong

Fulltext: english, pdf (151 KB) pages 372-378 downloads: 388* cite
APA 6th Edition
Gao, L., Zhang, L., Qi, H. & Petridis, L. (2016). MIDDLE-AGED FEMALE DEPRESSION IN PERIMENOPAUSAL PERIOD AND SQUARE DANCE INTERVENTION. Psychiatria Danubina, 28 (4), 372-378. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/177090
MLA 8th Edition
Gao, Lei, et al. "MIDDLE-AGED FEMALE DEPRESSION IN PERIMENOPAUSAL PERIOD AND SQUARE DANCE INTERVENTION." Psychiatria Danubina, vol. 28, no. 4, 2016, pp. 372-378. https://hrcak.srce.hr/177090. Accessed 7 Jun. 2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Gao, Lei, Linlin Zhang, Hua Qi and Louyis Petridis. "MIDDLE-AGED FEMALE DEPRESSION IN PERIMENOPAUSAL PERIOD AND SQUARE DANCE INTERVENTION." Psychiatria Danubina 28, no. 4 (2016): 372-378. https://hrcak.srce.hr/177090
Harvard
Gao, L., et al. (2016). 'MIDDLE-AGED FEMALE DEPRESSION IN PERIMENOPAUSAL PERIOD AND SQUARE DANCE INTERVENTION', Psychiatria Danubina, 28(4), pp. 372-378. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/177090 (Accessed 07 June 2020)
Vancouver
Gao L, Zhang L, Qi H, Petridis L. MIDDLE-AGED FEMALE DEPRESSION IN PERIMENOPAUSAL PERIOD AND SQUARE DANCE INTERVENTION. Psychiatria Danubina [Internet]. 2016 [cited 2020 June 07];28(4):372-378. Available from: https://hrcak.srce.hr/177090
IEEE
L. Gao, L. Zhang, H. Qi and L. Petridis, "MIDDLE-AGED FEMALE DEPRESSION IN PERIMENOPAUSAL PERIOD AND SQUARE DANCE INTERVENTION", Psychiatria Danubina, vol.28, no. 4, pp. 372-378, 2016. [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/177090. [Accessed: 07 June 2020]

Abstracts
Background: Depression is one of the most common psychiatric illnesses among perimenopausal women. Currently, drug
treatments for the disorder tend to have higher risks than other forms of treatment. On the contrary, aerobic exercise can effectively
relieve menopausal syndrome among perimenopausal women. Square dance, a kind of aerobic exercise favored by middle-aged
women in China, could be a beneficial intervention for perimenopausal depression.
Subjects and methods: A total of 321 women in perimenopause were chosen from Nangang Community, DaoLi Community, and
Daowai Community in Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, from September 2015 through April 2016. Of the women with depressive
symptoms, 60 did not participate in square dance. The subjects were randomly assigned to the intervention group (n=26) and control
group (n=24). Intervention group patients participated in guided square dance exercise 60-90 min at least 5 times per week at a
regular time for 3 months. The women in the control group received no intervention.
Results: Of the screened subjects, 72 women (22.4%) suffered mild to severe depression; younger, working married women who
square danced regularly presented a low depression rate (p<0.05). The depression index score of the intervention group after three
months was 0.43±0.09, a statistically significant decrease (t=5.658, p<0.001). The difference in the depression index changes of the
intervention and control group was also significant (t=5.407, p<0.001).
Conclusion: The depression rate among women in perimenopause is high. Some intervention measures, such as promoting female
employment, organizing collective activities for retired or unemployed women, and stabilizing family ties can prevent or improve the
depression of women in perimenopause. Square dance can effectively reduce the depression levels of women in perimenopause.

Keywords
depression; middle-aged; perimenopausal period; square dance; intervention

Hrčak ID: 177090

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/177090

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